Local Endemism Within the Western Ghats-Sri Lanka Biodiversity Hotspot

@article{Bossuyt2004LocalEW,
  title={Local Endemism Within the Western Ghats-Sri Lanka Biodiversity Hotspot},
  author={Franky Bossuyt and Madhava Meegaskumbura and Natalie Beenaerts and David J. Gower and Rohan Pethiyagoda and Kim Roelants and An Mannaert and M. Wilkinson and Mohomed M. Bahir and Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi and Peter K. L. Ng and Christopher J. Schneider and Oommen V. Oommen and Michel C. Milinkovitch},
  journal={Science},
  year={2004},
  volume={306},
  pages={479 - 481}
}
The apparent biotic affinities between the mainland and the island in the Western Ghats–Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot have been interpreted as the result of frequent migrations during recent periods of low sea level. We show, using molecular phylogenies of two invertebrate and four vertebrate groups, that biotic interchange between these areas has been much more limited than hitherto assumed. Despite several extended periods of land connection during the past 500,000 years, Sri Lanka has… 
A brief overview of the Western Ghats - Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot
The Western Ghats of India and Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot is often regarded as one unit because of shared biogeographical history. However, recent studies suggest that certain faunal components,
EXPLORING SRI LANKA'S BIODIVERSITY
The fauna and flora of Sri Lanka have generally been considered an extension of that of southern India, especially the southern Western Ghats, the range of mountains that borders the western littoral
Endemic Indirana Frogs of the Western Ghats Biodiversity Hotspot
TLDR
A comprehensive literature review of what is known on the taxonomy, morphology, life history characteristics and breeding biology of frogs of the genus Indirana, and highlights the areas where future research efforts should be focussed.
Did biotic impoverishment facilitate phenomenal diversification in Sri Lanka
TLDR
It is hypothesized that the degree of this past extinction was differential, with Sri Lanka experiencing a higher degree of impoverishment than Peninsular India, which created ecological opportunities and facilitated speciation in taxa that survived on the island or later reached the island.
Toad radiation reveals into-India dispersal as a source of endemism in the Western Ghats-Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot
TLDR
Paleoclimate reconstructions have shown that the Early Neogene of India was marked by major environmental changes, with the transition from a zonal- to the current monsoon-dominated climate.
Freshwater fish fauna of the Ashambu Hills landscape, southern Western Ghats, India, with notes on some range extensions
A systematic, updated checklist of freshwater fish species of the west-flowing drainages of the Ashambu (Agasthyamala) Hills landscape in the southern Western Ghats of Kerala, India is provided, with
Did southern Western Ghats of peninsular India serve as refugia for its endemic biota during the Cretaceous volcanism?
TLDR
It is suggested that southern WG might have served as a refuge for Digitipes species during Cretaceous volcanism, and species from each of the biogeographic subdivisions within the WG would form distinct clades.
Endemism-based butterfly conservation: insights from a study in Southern Western Ghats, India
Background The Western Ghats, a biodiversity hotspot in India harbours a high percentage of endemic species due to its unique and diverse habitats. These species which cannot survive elsewhere due to
A short distance to the last glacial coast best explains a Tasmanian centre of endemism
At the small scales of world, continent and region, centres of local endemism have been hypothesised to be related to refugia and/or distinctive environmental conditions. We consider patterning of
Sri Lankan snail diversity: faunal origins and future prospects
TLDR
The maintenance of high levels of endemism and generation of high species diversity in a confined area through long periods is thought to be linked to the varied topography in Sri Lanka and the capacity for altitudinal faunal shifts in response to climate change.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
Habitat values and endemicity in the vanishing rain forests of Sri Lanka
TROPICAL forests are among the most seriously threatened terrestrial environments, and while biologists and conservationists argue for preservation, the plunder continues virtually unabated1. In Sri
Rapid evolution to terrestrial life in Jamaican crabs
TLDR
Molecular evidence is presented that Jamaican land crabs represent a single adaptive radiation from a marine ancestor that invaded terrestrial habitats only 4 million years ago and probably reflects the Mid-Tertiary inundation of that island.
Arthropods on islands: colonization, speciation, and conservation.
TLDR
The literature on islands in the broadest sense is examined, whether surrounded by water or any other uninhabitable matrix) as it pertains to terrestrial arthropods, and the primary distinction between different island systems is "darwinian" islands (formed de novo) and "fragment" islands.
Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities
TLDR
A ‘silver bullet’ strategy on the part of conservation planners, focusing on ‘biodiversity hotspots’ where exceptional concentrations of endemic species are undergoing exceptional loss of habitat, is proposed.
“Geographical Distribution of Animals”
I FIND that Mr. Wallace in his new work en the “Geographical Distribution of Animals” when stating the limits of his Ceylon sub-region (vol. i. p. 327), gives among mammals the genus Tupaia and among
Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka
TLDR
It seems as though Konings conducted this expedition for a limited time period, and some of his surmised biological explanations suffer as a result, for example he claims that very few cichlids breed in Jan.-Feb.
Rare species, the coincidence of diversity hotspots and conservation strategies
SPECIES conservation in situ requires networks of protected areas selected for high conservation interest1–3. Throughout most of the world, however, there are neither the resources nor the time to
The Theory of Island Biogeography
Preface to the Princeton Landmarks in Biology Edition vii Preface xi Symbols Used xiii 1. The Importance of Islands 3 2. Area and Number of Speicies 8 3. Further Explanations of the Area-Diversity
Sri Lanka: an amphibian hot spot.
TLDR
The discovery of an endemic radiation of >100 species of Old World tree frogs (Rhacophorinae) from South America is reported.
Phylogenetic relationships and molecular evolution in uropeltid snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae): allozymes and albumin immunology
TLDR
The immunological data indicate no phylogenetic association between uropeltids and other ‘anilioid’ taxa, specifically Anilius, Loxocemus or Xenopeltis, although the niche‐width variation hypothesis for allozyme loci is not supported by the Uropeltid data.
...
...