Lobotomy in Private Practice: Long-Term Follow-up

  title={Lobotomy in Private Practice: Long-Term Follow-up},
  author={Irving C. Bernstein and William Alfred Callahan and James M. Jaranson},
  journal={Archives of General Psychiatry},
In a follow-up of 43 private psychiatric patients referred for open bimedial prefrontal lobotomies between 1948 and 1970, patients were rated by personal interviews and review of medical records for symptom improvement and organic brain syndromes. Initial diagnoses were obsessive-compulsive neurotic (27), hypochondriacal neurotic (five), manic-depressive (depressed) (one), and schizophrenic (ten). All had been severely impaired by illness intractable to extensive previous treatment. Thirty-five… 
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    The American journal of psychiatry
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