Life expectancy, especially in the older age groups, is growing enormously due to better social and medical care. According to published data on disabled people (1997), about 30 % of the total population (7,119,000) in Austria suffer from at least one physical disability. In this study, data from a micro census as well as a report from the Federal Ministry for Social Security and Generations is analyzed to illuminate the situation of impaired people with a focus on the capital Vienna. Among other results, it is anticipated that a large number of disabled people receive no help at all. About every 7th person regularly receives care, every 10th receives daily support. Care intensity increases with age showing a clear progression from the age of 60 onwards. 88% of the main supporting individuals are related to the handicapped person being supported. Women generally exhibit a much higher participation in nursing. The socio-political developments are discussed.