Living Lab: an open and citizen-centric approach for innovation

  title={Living Lab: an open and citizen-centric approach for innovation},
  author={Birgitta Bergvall-K{\aa}reborn and Anna St{\aa}hlbr{\"o}st},
  journal={International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development},
In this paper, we focus on a new research area, Living Lab that introduces new ways of managing innovation processes. A Living Lab can be viewed as both an innovation milieu and an innovation approach and the aim of this paper is to clarify these two perspectives, as well as to illustrate how they can enrich each other. This is done by presenting one Living Lab milieu, Botnia Living Lab and its key components; and one Living Lab approach, FormIT and its key principles. The presentation is done… 

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