Live plant imports: the major pathway for forest insect and pathogen invasions of the US

  title={Live plant imports: the major pathway for forest insect and pathogen invasions of the US},
  author={Andrew M. Liebhold and Eckehard G. Brockerhoff and Lynn J. Garrett and Jennifer Lee Parke and Kerry O. Britton},
  journal={Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment},
Trade in live plants has been recognized worldwide as an important invasion pathway for non-native plant pests. Such pests can have severe economic and ecological consequences. Nearly 70% of damaging forest insects and pathogens established in the US between 1860 and 2006 most likely entered on imported live plants. The current regulation of plant imports is outdated and needs to balance the impacts of pest damage, the expense of mitigation efforts, and the benefits of live plant importation… 

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