Lithium–antimony–lead liquid metal battery for grid-level energy storage

@article{Wang2014LithiumantimonyleadLM,
  title={Lithium–antimony–lead liquid metal battery for grid-level energy storage},
  author={Kangli Wang and Kai Jiang and Brice Chung and Takanari Ouchi and Paul J. Burke and Dane A. Boysen and David J. Bradwell and Hojong Kim and Ulrich P. Muecke and Donald R. Sadoway},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2014},
  volume={514},
  pages={348-350}
}
The ability to store energy on the electric grid would greatly improve its efficiency and reliability while enabling the integration of intermittent renewable energy technologies (such as wind and solar) into baseload supply. Batteries have long been considered strong candidate solutions owing to their small spatial footprint, mechanical simplicity and flexibility in siting. However, the barrier to widespread adoption of batteries is their high cost. Here we describe a lithium–antimony–lead… Expand
Molten Halogen Salts as Low-Temperature Electrolytes in Na-Based Liquid Metal Batteries for Low-Cost Large Scale Electricity Storage
Liquid metal battery (LMB) is an intriguing energy storage technology with advantages of low-cost, large-capacity and long-lifespan [1]. Recently, it has been gained great interest as a large scaleExpand
A manganese–hydrogen battery with potential for grid-scale energy storage
Batteries including lithium-ion, lead–acid, redox-flow and liquid-metal batteries show promise for grid-scale storage, but they are still far from meeting the grid's storage needs such as low cost,Expand
Liquid Metal Electrodes for Energy Storage Batteries
The increasing demands for integration of renewable energy into the grid and urgently needed devices for peak shaving and power rating of the grid both call for low-cost and large-scale energyExpand
A low-cost intermediate temperature Fe/Graphite battery for grid-scale energy storage
Abstract Due to their compactness, storage/supply flexibility, modularity and factory manufacturability, batteries are excellent candidates for large scale energy storage applications. However, theExpand
MHD of Large Scale Liquid Metal Batteries
Liquid metal batteries are candidates for large-scale energy storage in a national energy grid. The attraction of the liquid batteries lies in the fast kinetics at liquid metal-electrolyteExpand
Overview on the Liquid Metal Battery for Grid-Level Large-Scale Energy Storage
In recent years, the development and utilization of renewable generation have attracted more and more attention, and the grid puts forward higher requirements to the energy storage technology,Expand
Low-cost and high safe manganese-based aqueous battery for grid energy storage and conversion
Abstract As an effective energy storage technology, rechargeable batteries have long been considered as a promising solution for grid integration of intermittent renewables (such as solar and windExpand
Tellurium-tin based electrodes enabling liquid metal batteries for high specific energy storage applications
Abstract Developing high energy density batteries is of great significance for various energy storage applications. The novel liquid metal batteries (LMBs), with the merits of low-cost andExpand
Capacity extended bismuth-antimony cathode for high-performance liquid metal battery
Abstract Li-Bi based liquid metal batteries (LMBs) have attracted interest due to their potential for solving grid scale energy storage problems. In this study, the feasibility of replacing theExpand
Nickel-hydrogen batteries for large-scale energy storage
TLDR
An aqueous nickel-hydrogen battery is introduced by using a nickel hydroxide cathode with industrial-level areal capacity of ∼35 mAh cm−2 and a low-cost, bifunctional nickel-molybdenum-cobalt electrocatalyst as hydrogen anode to effectively catalyze hydrogen evolution and oxidation reactions in alkaline electrolyte. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 17 REFERENCES
Magnesium-antimony liquid metal battery for stationary energy storage.
TLDR
A high-temperature magnesium-antimony liquid metal battery comprising a negative electrode of Mg, a molten salt electrolyte, and a positive electrode of Sb is proposed and characterized and results in a promising technology for stationary energy storage applications. Expand
Battery technologies for large-scale stationary energy storage.
  • G. Soloveichik
  • Medicine
  • Annual review of chemical and biomolecular engineering
  • 2011
TLDR
The most promising technologies in the short term are high-temperature sodium batteries with β″-alumina electrolyte, lithium-ion batteries, and flow batteries, while Regenerative fuel cells and lithium metal batteries with high energy density require further research to become practical. Expand
On the importance of reducing the energetic and material demands of electrical energy storage
Two prominent low-carbon energy resources, wind and sunlight, depend on weather. As the percentage of electricity supply from these sources increases, grid operators will need to employ strategiesExpand
Electrical Energy Storage for the Grid: A Battery of Choices
TLDR
The battery systems reviewed here include sodium-sulfur batteries that are commercially available for grid applications, redox-flow batteries that offer low cost, and lithium-ion batteries whose development for commercial electronics and electric vehicles is being applied to grid storage. Expand
Degradation of Lithium-Ion batteries and how to fight it: A review
The phenomenology of the decrease in the capacity and energy density of lithium-ion batteries during their cycling and storage is considered together with the basic factors responsible for thisExpand
Thermodynamic study of liquid lithium-lead alloys using the EMF method
Liquid Li-Pb alloys were investigated by the electromotive force (emf) method at Li concentrations of 0.025 ≤ X Li ≤ 0.965 mole fraction and at temperatures from 775 to 975 K. The experiments wereExpand
Thermodynamic activity of magnesium in several highly-solvating liquid alloys
An emf technique is reported using porous alumina tubes to contain reference metals and alloys in a molten salt electrolyte. Data are reported for the activity of magnesium and its temperatureExpand
Thermodynamic Properties of the Intermetallic Systems Lithium‐Antimony and Lithium‐Bismuth
Galvanic cells of the type , were employed to determine the Gibbs free energy of formation , and the corresponding enthalpies , and entropies for the systems Li‐Sb and Li‐Bi as a function ofExpand
MISCIBILITY OF METALS WITH SALTS. VI. LITHIUM-LITHIUM HALIDE SYSTEMS1
Studies were made of the miscibility of Li, Na, K, Rb, and Cs in lithium halides. The regular trend in the miscibslity of the alkali metals with their molten fluorides was found: a rapid increase inExpand
Electrochemical energy storage for green grid.
TLDR
This review offers details of the technologies, in terms of needs, status, challenges and future R&d directions, that are expected to integrate significant levels of renewables into the electrical grid. Expand
...
1
2
...