Literature Review

  title={Literature Review},
  author={J Moore Gagn{\'e}},
  journal={Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine},
  • J. Gagné
  • Published 1 April 2018
  • Biology
  • Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Microemulsions are clear, stable, isotropic mixtures of oil, water and surfactant, frequently in combination with a cosurfactant. These systems are currently of interest to the pharmaceutical scientist because of their considerable potential to act as drug delivery vehicles by incorporating a wide range of drug molecules specially BCS Class-II and Class-IV. In order to appreciate the potential of microemulsions as delivery vehicles, this review gives an overview of the formation and phase… 
Enhancing the Formation and Stability of Oil-In-Water Emulsions Prepared by Microchannels Using Mixed Protein Emulsifiers
Although natural emulsifiers often have many drawbacks when used alone, their emulsifying ability and stability can usually be improved unexpectedly when used in combination. In this study,
Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications in environmental systems
High molecular weight (106–3 × 107 Da) polyacrylamide (PAM) is commonly used as a flocculant in water and wastewater treatment, as a soil conditioner, and as a viscosity modifier and friction reducer
In situ observation of self-assembled hydrocarbon Fischer-Tropsch products on a cobalt catalyst.
A simple model is introduced that explains the accumulation of such long molecules by describing their monomer-by-monomer synthesis and explicitly accounting for their thermal desorption.
Polyurethane Composites Synthesized Using Natural Oil-Based Polyols and Sisal Fibers
Elastomeric polyurethanes were prepared from a reference polyurethane system modified with biobased polyols synthesized using rapeseed or palm oils. The reference material was modified by replacement
Highly selective, active and stable Fischer-Tropsch catalyst using entrapped iron nanoparticles in silicalite-1
Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) is gaining renewed interests as it allows converting alternative feedstocks (biomass) into liquid fuels. Compared to Co-based catalysts, state of the art Fe catalysts
Investigating the effects of polymer plugging mechanism of liquid production decrease and improvement by the cross-linked gel performance
Polymer flooding, as the most successful and well-known chemical EOR method was broadly applied around the world. Mostly, contrasted with Waterflooding, the production rate decrease during polymer
Unconventional solid-like picein wax carbon paste electrode in europium determination
In this work, a new carbon paste electrode (CPE) was presented, in which as a binder picein hard wax was applied. Picein wax combines the features of high plasticity at temperatures above 90 °C as
The physicochemical properties of cocoa butter equivalent produced from lipase-catalyzed palm oil and hydrogenated palm oil via physical fractionation
Palm oil (PO) and fully hydrogenated palm oil (FHPO) were subjected to enzymatic interesterification using 9.5% of TLIM Lipozyme. The optimum condition for this process occurred at 62.75°C, with
Fixation of carbon dioxide into dimethyl carbonate over titanium-based zeolitic thiophene-benzimidazolate framework
A titanium-based zeolitic thiophene-benzimidazolate framework has been designed for the direct synthesis of dimethyl carbonate (DMC) from methanol and carbon dioxide and delivers over 16% yield of DMC without the use of any dehydrating agent or requirement for azeotropic distillation.


Consumer directed health care: ethical limits to choice and responsibility.
Thoughtful paternalism suggests that CDHC plans offer choices that are comprehensible to lay consumers, limited in their range of options, and carefully structured with default rules that minimize potential error costs.
Survey of Clinician Attitudes Toward Smoking Cessation for Psychiatric and Substance Abusing Clients
It is suggested that mental health clinicians can be instrumental in providing information, encouragement, and opportunities for their patients to attempt smoking cessation.
Course of smoking and quit attempts among clients with co-occurring severe mental illness and substance use disorders.
Being male and having a high school education or higher were associated with more attempts to quit smoking, as were higher scores on the activation subscale of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, more social contact with non-substance-using friends, and more daily activities.
A focus group pilot study of tobacco smoking among psychosocial rehabilitation clients.
Issues and needs that are specific to smokers who use mental health services must be addressed in the development of smoking prevention and cessation interventions in psychosocial rehabilitation and other mental health programs.
Developing a quit smoking website that is usable by people with severe mental illnesses.
In general, insights from the study highlight the need for thoughtful design and usability testing when creating a website for people with severe mental illness.
Nicotine dependence and psychiatric disorders in the United States: results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions.
The results of this study highlight the importance of focusing smoking cessation efforts on individuals who are nicotine dependent, Individuals who have psychiatric disorders, and individuals who have comorbid nicotine dependence and other psychiatric disorders.
What do persons with mental illnesses need to quit smoking? Mental health consumer and provider perspectives.
Findings are instructive in developing appropriate tobacco cessation services for this population and incorporated into a mental health provider toolkit for smoking cessation and informed the development of a tobacco cessation intervention study.
Do consumer-directed health benefits favor the young and healthy?
This paper demonstrates through a simulation and demographic analysis of consumers' out-of-pocket payments for premiums and medical care that the young and healthy are potential winners with
Do smoking cessation websites meet the needs of smokers with severe mental illnesses?
Assessment of four smoking cessation websites met usability guidelines and whether they were usable by smokers with severe mental illnesses found one of the websites was rated by experts as acceptable for content and usability, but most of the participants were unable to navigate this website.
An electronic decision support system to motivate people with severe mental illnesses to quit smoking.
Encouraging results of this pilot study indicate that electronic decision supports may facilitate motivation to quit smoking and use of cessation treatment among people with severe mental illnesses.