"The End at the Beginning" : Spiral Logic in Keri Hulme's The Bone People
- Megan Thurman, PROFESSOR WARREN LIU
WHEN WE SPEAK OF MODERNITY and of modern societies, we seem to mean one of two things.  First, we may speak as if we were giving an encompassing name to a whole epoch in world history, the modern age, as distinct from, say, the medieval age or classical antiquity. Such a terminology makes it legitimate to discuss questions as to when exactly the modern age may be said to have come into existence, what its origins may have been, or, indeed, if it has now come to an end. Second, we may speak as if we were actually characterizing distinct phenomena and processes in a given society at a given time. We may say that the technology used in some branch of industry of a country is modern but that patterns of family life are not. It is then an empirical question to determine to what extent different institutions and phenomena of a country may be described as modern.