Literacy is an independent risk factor for vision impairment and poor visual functioning.


PURPOSE People with limited literacy are at increased risks of chronic systemic conditions. The authors therefore investigated the independent contribution of limited literacy on visual impairment and visual function in a large eye survey in Singapore. METHODS The authors undertook a population-based, cross-sectional study of Asian Malays (≥ 40 years old… (More)
DOI: 10.1167/iovs.11-7725


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