Listeria cerebritis: relapse of infection in renal transplant patients.

  title={Listeria cerebritis: relapse of infection in renal transplant patients.},
  author={G W Watson and Thomas J. Fuller and Jacob Elms and Ronica M. Kluge},
  journal={Archives of internal medicine},
  volume={138 1},
In 3 cases of Listeria cerebritis, two of the patients had relapse with cerebritis after antimicrobial therapy for acute Listeria septicemia or meningitis. Each had received ten to 14 days of intravenous penicillin. Relapse occurred with fever and sudden focal cerebral dysfunction. Brain scans showed focal uptake; arteriograms and computerized tomography were normal. Cerebrospinal fluids were nondiagnostic; blood cultures yielded Listeria in two patients. Penicillin treatment for six weeks… 
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