Listening to sad music in adverse situations: How music selection strategies relate to self-regulatory goals, listening effects, and mood enhancement

  title={Listening to sad music in adverse situations: How music selection strategies relate to self-regulatory goals, listening effects, and mood enhancement},
  author={Annemieke Johanna Maria van den Tol and Jane Edwards},
  journal={Psychology of Music},
  pages={473 - 494}
Adults’ (N = 220) reported motivations for listening to sad music after experiencing adverse negative circumstances were examined by exploring how their music selection strategies related to (a) their self-regulatory goals, and (b) reported effects of listening. The effects of music selection strategies, self-regulatory goals, and reported effects on the achievement of mood enhancement were also explored using a retrospective survey design. The findings indicate that music choice is linked to… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The influence of induced mood on music preference
It is suggested that individuals select valence-consistent music when they are in an autobiographical memory-induced mood state, and those in a neutral mood did not consistently prefer to listen to neutral music.
Music listening as a potential aid in reducing emotional eating: An exploratory study
Emotional Eating (EE) is understood as a maladaptive self-regulation strategy to satisfy emotional needs instead of hunger. Consequently, EE has been associated with negative health consequences.
Sad music as a means for acceptance-based coping
Self-identified sad music (SISM) is often listened to when experiencing sad life situations. Research indicates that the most common reason people give for listening to SISM is “to be in touch with
Personalising music for more effective mood induction: Exploring activation, underlying mechanisms, emotional intelligence, and motives in mood regulation
The present studies investigated the effects of personal (i.e., self-selected) music and music pre-selected by the researcher on the induction of sadness and joy while taking into consideration the
Listening to ironically-enjoyed music: A self-regulatory perspective
This research examines adults’ reported motivations for listening to music that they enjoy ironically using Thematic Analysis. Based on the pilot study (N = 96), ironically-enjoyed music was defined
Don’t let me down: The effect of age and chosen music on mood is moderated by focus on emotions
ABSTRACT This study examined the effect of age and listening to one’s chosen emotional tone of music on mood. Old age was hypothesized to be associated with more choices of happy music. This
Adolescents’ musical relaxation: understanding related affective processing
ABSTRACT Music listening promotes adolescents’ well-being and relaxation in daily life. Relaxation is linked to affective self-regulation, but little is known about the specific affective processes


Exploring a rationale for choosing to listen to sad music when feeling sad
Choosing to listen to self-identified sad music after experiencing negative psychological circumstances seems paradoxical given the commonly-held view that people are motivated to seek a positive
A self-regulatory perspective on choosing ‘sad’ music to enhance mood.
Background Many people choose to listen to self-identified ‘sad’ music when they experience negative life circumstances (Saarikallio and Erkkila, 2007; Van den Tol and Edwards, 2011). Music listening
Negative Emotion in Music: What is the Attraction? A Qualitative Study
Why do people listen to music that evokes negative emotions? This paper presents five comparative interviews conducted to examine this question. Individual differences psychology and mood management
The functions of music for affect regulation
Musical experiences are often reported to influence emotions (Juslin & Västfjäll, 2008; Sloboda, O’Neill, & Ivaldi, 2001): people consciously and unconsciously use music to change, create, maintain
Emotion regulation through listening to music in everyday situations
Emotion-congruent music selection is demonstrated and the important role of specific emotion-regulation styles in the selection of music in everyday situations is highlighted.
Adaptive and maladaptive attraction to negative emotions in music
Individual differences were investigated in an attempt to explain why some people are attracted to negative emotion (grief, sadness) in music. A 10-item Like Sad Music Scale (LSMS) was developed
Misery loves company: mood-congruent emotional responding to music.
Listeners in a sad mood fail to show the typical preference for happy-sounding music, and they perceive more sadness in music that is ambiguous with respect to mood.
Who enjoys listening to sad music and why
although people generally avoid negative emotional experiences in general, they often enjoy sadness portrayed in music and other arts. The present study investigated what kinds of subjective
Music listening, coping, peer affiliation and depression in adolescence
This study was conducted with 418 French-Canadian adolescents from Montréal (Canada) and had three objectives: (1) to find empirical evidence that music listening in adolescence can lead to peer
Temporal Changes in Mood Repair Through Music Consumption: Effects of Mood, Mood Salience, and Individual Differences
Prior research on mood management through media consumption has encountered mixed results. This study seeks to address these discrepancies by incorporating time of measurement into the examination of