Listeners' perceptions of consonants produced by esophageal and tracheoesophageal talkers.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the consonant intelligibility of 3 esophageal (E) and 3 tracheoesophageal (TE) talkers, and 1 dual-mode (DM) talker proficient in both E and TE speech modes. Audio recordings of 24 English consonants produced by each talker in a consonant-vowel-consonant-vowel-consonant (CVCVC) context were presented in the sound… (More)