Lista de Zoantharia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) del Caribe y de Colombia

  title={Lista de Zoantharia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) del Caribe y de Colombia},
  author={Alberto Acosta and M Carmen Elisa Casas and Carlos Alberto Villabona Vargas and Juan E. Camacho},
oantharia es un orden de gran importancia en la subclase Hexacorallia (clase Anthozoa), usualmente conocidos como Zoantideos o anemonas coloniales. Esta compuesto en su mayoria por organismos coloniales (Herberts 1987), de distribucion cosmopolita en los mares tropicales y en un intervalo de profundidad entre 0 y mas de 5000 m (Ryland et al., 2000). La sistematica del orden ha cambiado considerablemente en el tiempo y esta basada en caracteres morfologicos y moleculares. Dos subordenes se han… 
Sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria, Corallimorpharia, Ceriantharia, Zoanthidea) from marine shallow-water environments in Venezuela: new records and an updated inventory
The diversity of sea anemones in Venezuela is updated to 44 species, from which only two actiniarian species are newly recorded in Venezuela.
Soft corals (Anthozoa: Corallimorpharia, Actinaria and Zoantharia) from southeastern of Cuba, and its distribution in Marine Protected Areas/Corales blandos (Anthozoa: Corallimorpharia, Actinaria y Zoantharia) del suroriente de Cuba y su distribución en Áreas Marinas Protegidas
The Caribbean cnidarians are well studied, mainly the builders of reefs (Scleractinea). Cuban marine biodiversity is representative of the Caribbean Sea. However, many localities remain understudied
Overview of the order Zoantharia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) in Brazil
This study conducted shallow-water coastal and oceanic island sampling in parallel with an extensive literature review to summarize the knowledge of the order Zoantharia from Brazil and shows the presence of at least 13 zoantharian species in Brazilian waters.
The coral reefs worldwide have suffered a decline during the past three decades. These changes have been evaluated in fringing reefs; nevertheless, it is not known if the factors causing those
Zoantharia (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia) abundance and associations with Porifera and Hydrozoa across a depth gradient on the west coast of Curaçao
Results showed that zooxanthellate Palythoa and Zoanthus were most common in shallow waters (5 m), although perhaps less common than observed 35–45 years ago, while sponge-associated species of Macrocnemina were commonly observed at greater depths.
Phylogeny‐based species delimitations and the evolution of host associations in symbiotic zoanthids (Anthozoa, Zoanthidea) of the wider Caribbean region
  • T. Swain
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • 2009
Phylogenetic analyses of internal transcribed spacer sequences are consistent with six morphologically described species from the wider Caribbean region, and reveal four additional species that were not previously recognized, supporting phylogenetic conservatism in zoanthid–host association evolution.
Association between Dentitheca habereri (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) and two zoanthids
A leptomedusan hydroid forming large colonies on the fringing reefs of the Bunaken National Park (North Sulawesi, Indonesia), which is generally associated with two zoanthid species, Parazoanthus gracilis and ParZoanthus sp.
Habitat preference of Zoantharia genera depends on host sponge morphology
Results indicated that sponge morphology is an important trait in zoanthid habitat selection, which suggests the possibility of inter-generic competition if common resources are limited in time and space, while the di fferential habitat preference allows the competitive coexistence of both genera.
Species Diversity of Shallow Water Zoanthids (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Hexacorallia) in Florida
The results indicate that many brachycnemic zoanthid species likely had a Caribbean-Pacific distribution until the formation of the Isthmus of Panama, and overall species diversity in these two common genera is likely much lower than literature indicates.
Evolution of Host Associations in Symbiotic Zoanthidea
The results of this research indicate that current understanding of symbiosis evolution in Zoanthidea is confounded by incomplete data on associations and relationships, and systematics that do not reflect evolutionary relationships; the data presented here indicate that host associations are largely conserved across evolutionary time.


Los zoantídeos (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Zoanthiniaria), de la Región Occidental de Cuba
Se presentan las diagnosis, figuras y una clave para la identificacion de las seis especies de zoantideos encontrados en colectas realizadas en la region occidental de Cuba, los cuales son: Palythoa
Phylogeny of the order Zoantharia (Anthozoa, Hexacorallia) based on the mitochondrial ribosomal genes
To resolve the phylogenetic relationships among Zoantharia, the sequences of mitochondrial 16S and 12S rRNA genes obtained from 24 specimens, representing two suborders and eight genera are analysed and Brachycnemina appears as a monophyletic group diverging within the paraphyletic Macrocnemina.
Semper's (zoanthid) larvae : pelagic life, parentage and other problems
It is probable that macrocnemic zoanthids settle from planulae that do not develop into recognizable zoanthellae orZoanthinae, and they should have been represented in such a large sample.
Reproduction in Zoanthidea (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia)
Two deepsea species of Epizoanthus breed continuously but temperate shallow water zoanthids, and those in the tropics outside ∼15° latitude are iteroparous with spawning in summer or when temperatures are rising.
Reproduction of Zoanthus sansibaricus in the Infra-Littoral Zone at Taisho Lava Field, Sakurajima, Kagoshima, Japan
According to cross-sections, Zoanthus polyps were divided into three sexual types; male, female and asexual, and were found in the same colony, and spawned in the middle of July, releasing oocytes and sperm.
Morphological and Life History Divergence of the Zoanthid, Sphenopus marsupialis off the Taiwanese Coast
The results suggest that what was considered Sphenopus marsupialis, with worldwide distribution, might actually be comprised of 2 sibling species off the Taiwanese coast.
Competitive strategies between Palythoa caribaeorum and Zoanthus sociatus (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) at a reef flat environment in Venezuela
Results showed that contact margins between both species remained unchanged along time, suggesting that stand-off or growth inhibition was the main strategy used, and P. caribaeorum exhibits a faster initial growth rate.
Patterns of genetic subdivision in populations of a clonal cnidarian, Zoanthus coppingeri, from the Great Barrier Reef
Values of the standardised genetic variance among populations, FST, were highly significant between localities and between replicate sites within localities separated by only 50 m, and is considered to be the consequence of stochastic changes in gene frequencies as a result of low levels of gene flow.
Reconsidering Zoanthus spp. Diversity: Molecular Evidence of Conspecifity Within Four Previously Presumed Species
Based on the obtained COI gene sequences, all but one of the collected Zoanthus samples appear to be conspecific, with nearly 100.00% base pair matching, which indicates a need to reconsider and re-analyze current Zoan Thus classification and identification.
Host specificity in sponge-encrusting zoanthidea (Anthozoa: Zoantharia) of Barbados, West Indies
Variations in substrate specificity have been noted between island populations within the extensive Caribbean range and appear to be due to different species compositions of local sponge communities and slight differences in zoanthid larval settling specificities.