Lisbon in the sixteenth century: decoding the Chafariz d’el Rei

@article{HalikowskiSmith2018LisbonIT,
  title={Lisbon in the sixteenth century: decoding the Chafariz d’el Rei},
  author={Stefan Halikowski Smith},
  journal={Race \& Class},
  year={2018},
  volume={60},
  pages={63 - 81}
}
An anonymous sixteenth-century painting of the King’s Fountain in the Lisbon Alfama, Chafariz d’el Rei, recently the subject of speculation over its provenance and date, has also been of interest because of its depiction of so many black and white figures together, from all social strata and walks of life and in many (often water-related) trades in a public square. It very obviously suggests that black residents of Lisbon at that time, if originating from the trade in slaves, had been able to… 

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