Liquid nucleation around charged particles in the vapor phase.

@article{Kroll2021LiquidNA,
  title={Liquid nucleation around charged particles in the vapor phase.},
  author={Roni Kroll and Yoav Tsori},
  journal={The Journal of chemical physics},
  year={2021},
  volume={155 17},
  pages={
          174101
        }
}
We theoretically investigate the nucleation of liquid droplets from vapor in the presence of a charged spherical particle. Due to field gradients, sufficiently close to the critical point of the vapor-gas system, the charge destabilizes the vapor phase and initiates a phase transition. The fluid's free energy is described by the van der Waals expression augmented by electrostatic energy and a square-gradient term. We calculate the equilibrium density profile at arbitrary temperatures, particle… 
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TLDR
The results are relevant to droplet nucleation around charged particles in the atmosphere and could possibly explain deviations from expected nucleation rates.

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