Liquid crystalline spinning of spider silk

@article{Vollrath2001LiquidCS,
  title={Liquid crystalline spinning of spider silk},
  author={Fritz Vollrath and David P. Knight},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2001},
  volume={410},
  pages={541-548}
}
Spider silk has outstanding mechanical properties despite being spun at close to ambient temperatures and pressures using water as the solvent. The spider achieves this feat of benign fibre processing by judiciously controlling the folding and crystallization of the main protein constituents, and by adding auxiliary compounds, to create a composite material of defined hierarchical structure. Because the ‘spinning dope’ (the material from which silk is spun) is liquid crystalline, spiders can… Expand

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