Liquid Democracy : Potentials, Problems, and Perspectives

@article{Blum2016LiquidD,
  title={Liquid Democracy : Potentials, Problems, and Perspectives},
  author={Christian Blum and Christina Isabel Zuber},
  journal={Journal of Political Philosophy},
  year={2016},
  volume={24},
  pages={162-182}
}
Pirate Parties are suggesting a solution to citizens’ dissatisfaction with representative democracy that seeks to remedy the system from within. By combining direct democratic participation with a highly flexible model of representation, liquid democracy promises the best of both worlds: Citizens can freely choose to either vote directly on individual policyissues, or to delegate their votes to competent representatives who vote on their behalf. This delegation is policy-area specific and can… 
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A thorough axiomatic analysis of the space of delegation rules, i.e., functions assigning a feasible delegation path to each delegating agent is provided, and it is proved that delegation rules can be aligned on a spectrum reflecting an inherent trade-off between competing objectives.
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The concerns raised about fluid democracy can be overcome, thereby bolstering the case for this emerging paradigm and demonstrating that delegations can be treated as stochastic processes and that they can be compared to wellknown processes from the literature that are sufficiently bounded for their purposes.
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It is argued that tools and techniques developed in the multiagent systems literature should be employed to aid the design of online decision platforms and other interactive democracy systems.
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