Lipolysis: pathway under construction

@article{Zechner2005LipolysisPU,
  title={Lipolysis: pathway under construction},
  author={Rudolf Zechner and Juliane G. Strauss and Guenter Haemmerle and Achim Lass and Robert Zimmermann},
  journal={Current Opinion in Lipidology},
  year={2005},
  volume={16},
  pages={333–340}
}
Purpose of review The lipolytic catabolism of stored fat in adipose tissue supplies tissues with fatty acids as metabolites and energy substrates during times of food deprivation. This review focuses on the function of recently discovered enzymes in adipose tissue lipolysis and fatty acid mobilization. Recent findings The characterization of hormone-sensitive lipase-deficient mice provided compelling evidence that hormone-sensitive lipase is not uniquely responsible for the hydrolysis of… 

The Regulation of Lipolysis in Adipose Tissue

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The role of neutral lipases in human adipose tissue lipolysis

Two lipases the ‘old’ hormone sensitive lipase and the ’new’ adipose triglyceride lipase are of importance for the regulation of lipolysis in rodent fat cells, while adiposelycerine lipase seems essential for maintaining basal lipolytic activity, while hormonesensitive lipase is the enzyme most responsive to stimulated lipolytics.

Adipose Triglyceride Lipase and Hormone-sensitive Lipase Are the Major Enzymes in Adipose Tissue Triacylglycerol Catabolism*

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Obese Yeast: Triglyceride Lipolysis Is Functionally Conserved from Mammals to Yeast*

Yeast Tgl4 is identified as a functional ortholog of mammalian adipose triglyceride lipase, and Serine 315 in the GXSXG lipase active site consensus sequence of the patatin domain of Tgl3 is essential for catalytic activity.

Lipid droplets in lipogenesis and lipolysis.

New data suggest that proteins previously implicated in vesicle trafficking, including Rabs, soluble N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs), and motor and cytoskeletal proteins, likely orchestrate the movement and fusion of lipid droplets.

Dual Lipolytic Control of Body Fat Storage and Mobilization in Drosophila

Combined genetic, physiological, and biochemical analyses provide in vivo evidence that AKHR is as important for chronic accumulation and acute mobilization of storage fat as is the Brummer lipase, the homolog of mammalian adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL).

Adipose Triglyceride Lipase (ATGL) and Hormone-Sensitive Lipase (HSL) Deficiencies Affect Expression of Lipolytic Activities in Mouse Adipose Tissues*

It is found that ATGL-deficiency in brown adipose tissue had a profound effect on the expression levels of other lipolytic and esterolytic enzymes in this tissue, whereas HSL- deficiency hardly showed any effect in brown fat tissue.

Minireview : Lipid Droplets in Lipogenesis and Lipolysis

New data suggest that proteins previously implicated in vesicle trafficking, including Rabs, soluble Nethylmaleimide sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs), and motor and cytoskeletal proteins, likely orchestrate the movement and fusion of lipid droplets.
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