Lipoid pneumonia: an overview

@article{Hadda2010LipoidPA,
  title={Lipoid pneumonia: an overview},
  author={Vijay Hadda and Gopi Chand Khilnani},
  journal={Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine},
  year={2010},
  volume={4},
  pages={799 - 807}
}
Lipoid pneumonia is an uncommon disease caused by the presence of lipid in the alveoli. It is classified into two major groups, depending on whether the lipid/oil in the respiratory tract is from an exogenous (exogenous lipoid pneumonia) or endogenous/idiopathic (endogenous lipoid pneumonia) source. The usual presentation occurs with insidious onset and nonspecific respiratory symptoms such as dyspnea and/or cough. The main radiological findings include airspace consolidations, ground-glass… 

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References

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Lipoid pneumonia: an uncommon entity.

Treatment of Lipoid pneumonia is poorly defined and constitutes supportive therapy, repeated bronchoalveolar lavage, and corticosteroids.

Lipoid pneumonia presenting as non resolving community acquired pneumonia: a case report

Lipoid pneumonia is a rare form of pneumonia which rarely present acutely resembling community acquired pneumonia and requires high degree of suspicion for diagnosis, its treatment is difficult and poorly defined, however, prolonged corticosteroids may be effective.

Endogenous lipoid pneumonia associated with undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD).

Since the patient's condition responded to steroid treatment, and it is clear that steroids inhibit phospholipase activity, the authors speculate that the subsequent decreased endoperoxide production may diminish lipid uptake by macrophages via decreasing modification of LDL or other lipid sources.

Lipoid pneumonia: spectrum of clinical and radiologic manifestations.

The ability to recognize the radiologic manifestations of lipoid pneumonia is important because, in the appropriate clinical setting, these findings can be diagnostic.

Not Your Typical Pneumonia: A Case of Exogenous Lipoid Pneumonia

The case of a 72-year-old female who presented with hemoptysis, cough, and dyspnea and was diagnosed with exogenous lipoid pneumonia should be considered when patients present with this symptom complex.

Exogenous lipoid pneumonia: importance of clinical history to the diagnosis.

The case of a female patient with a history of breast cancer, presenting progressive dyspnea and cough, together with radiological findings of bilateral pulmonary infiltrate, which confirmed a diagnosis of lipoid pneumonia, is reported.

Exogenous lipoid pneumonia: importance of clinical history to the diagnosis.

The case of a female patient with a history of breast cancer, presenting progressive dyspnea and cough, together with radiological findings of bilateral pulmonary infiltrate, which confirmed a diagnosis of lipoid pneumonia, is reported.

Lipoid pneumonia: a case of cavitary bilateral nodular opacity.

A case of cavitary bilateral nodular opacity due to the accidental inhalation of paraffin oil used as a laxative, whose radiological appearance was quite similar to Wegener's granulomatosis is referred to.

Lipoid pneumonia in lung cancer: radiographic and pathological features.

Lipoid pneumonia in lung cancer may be associated with factors that play a larger role than the cancer alone, and transbronchial dissemination of breakdown products of adenocarcinoma cells, including mucin, may contribute to the spread of the non-obstructive component of lipoid pneumonia.

Lipoid pneumonia in children following aspiration of animal fat (ghee).

Exogenous lipoid pneumonia induced by modified animal fat (ghee) in 10 children is described and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of 'non-resolving' pneumonias in communities where the cultural practice of infant feeding with ghee is prevalent.
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