Linoleic acid induces proinflammatory events in vascular endothelial cells via activation of PI3K/Akt and ERK1/2 signaling.


Linoleic acid (18:2n-6), is a major unsaturated fatty acid in the American diet. Linoleic acid is considered to be atherogenic because of its pro-oxidative and proinflammatory properties. There is substantial evidence that linoleic acid (LA) can activate vascular endothelial cells and contribute to an inflammatory response. To explore the mechanisms of LA… (More)


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