• Corpus ID: 199410908

Links between Depression and Fixed Versus Growth

@inproceedings{Mindsets2018LinksBD,
  title={Links between Depression and Fixed Versus Growth},
  author={Mindsets and Catherine Chambliss and Robert F. Gow and Anna Budny and Thal{\'i}a Ortiz Garc{\'i}a and Katherine Damato and Rick Gould and Amy C. Hartl},
  year={2018}
}
Being labeled “hardworking” in childhood by various sources subsequently reduced the risk of several depression symptoms and increased self-esteem in undergraduates, while being labeled “smart” only reduced two depression symptoms and did not elevate self-esteem. Those with a history of being labeled either “smart” or “hardworking” generally reported that this increased both their confidence and academic risk-taking. Women who reported being labeled “smart” as children were more likely than… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 17 REFERENCES
An Entity Theory of Intelligence Predicts Higher Cortisol Levels When High School Grades Are Declining.
TLDR
The present research integrates the biopsychosocial model of challenge and threat with the implicit theories model to understand who shows maladaptive stress responses during difficult adolescent transitions, and findings support a process model through which beliefs affect biological stress responses in teenagers.
Why do beliefs about intelligence influence learning success? A social cognitive neuroscience model.
TLDR
It is suggested that beliefs can influence learning success through top-down biasing of attention and conceptual processing toward goal-congruent information.
When Parents' Praise Inflates, Children's Self-Esteem Deflates.
TLDR
Supporting the self-deflation hypothesis, parents' inflated praise predicted lower self-esteem in children and noninflated praise predicted higher narcissism-but only in children with high self- esteem, suggesting inflated praise may foster theSelf-views it seeks to prevent.
On feeding those hungry for praise: person praise backfires in children with low self-esteem.
TLDR
Findings suggest that adults, by giving person praise, may foster in children with low self-esteem the very emotional vulnerability they are trying to prevent.
Implicit theories of intelligence predict achievement across an adolescent transition: a longitudinal study and an intervention.
TLDR
The role of implicit theories of intelligence in adolescents' mathematics achievement was explored and an intervention teaching an incremental theory to 7th graders promoted positive change in classroom motivation, compared with a control group.
A social-cognitive approach to motivation and personality
Past work has documented and described major patterns of adaptive and maladaptive behavior: the mastery-oriented and the helpless patterns. In this article, we present a research-based model that
An analysis of learned helplessness: II. The processing of success.
  • C. Diener, C. Dweck
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1980
TLDR
Compared to mastery-oriented children, helpless children underestimated the number of success (and overestimated the numberOf failures), did not view successes as indicative of ability, and did not expect the successes to continue, so successes are less salient, less predictive, and less enduring--less successful.
Subtle Linguistic Cues Affect Children's Motivation
TLDR
It is suggested that children’s behavior was in part driven by the fact that the person praise was generic, connoting a stable trait of the child, while the process praise was nongeneric, focusing on one specific episode.
dEprESSivE SymptomS and affEctivE rEactivity to matErnal praiSE and criticiSm
Despite decades of research documenting evidence that Expressed Emotion (EE) leads to relapse, little research has been performed to show whether depression is related to affective reactivity to
Praise for intelligence can undermine children's motivation and performance.
TLDR
Six studies demonstrated that praise for intelligence had more negative consequences for students' achievement motivation than praise for effort, and children praised for intelligence described it as a fixed trait more than children praising for hard work, who believed it to be subject to improvement.
...
1
2
...