• Corpus ID: 199410908

Links between Depression and Fixed Versus Growth

  title={Links between Depression and Fixed Versus Growth},
  author={Mindsets and Catherine Chambliss and Robert F. Gow and Anna Budny and Thal{\'i}a Ortiz Garc{\'i}a and Katherine Damato and Rick Gould and Amy C. Hartl},
Being labeled “hardworking” in childhood by various sources subsequently reduced the risk of several depression symptoms and increased self-esteem in undergraduates, while being labeled “smart” only reduced two depression symptoms and did not elevate self-esteem. Those with a history of being labeled either “smart” or “hardworking” generally reported that this increased both their confidence and academic risk-taking. Women who reported being labeled “smart” as children were more likely than… 

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