Linkages between Citizens and Politicians in Democratic Polities

  title={Linkages between Citizens and Politicians in Democratic Polities},
  author={Herbert P. Kitschelt},
  journal={Comparative Political Studies},
  pages={845 - 879}
Research on democratic party competition in the formal spatial tradition of Downs and the comparative-historical tradition of Lipset and Rokkan assumes that linkages of accountability and responsiveness between voters and political elites work through politicians’ programmatic appeals and policy achievements. This ignores, however, alternative voter-elite linkages through the personal charisma of political leaders and, more important, selective material incentives in networks of direct exchange… 

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