Linkages between Citizens and Politicians in Democratic Polities

@article{Kitschelt2000LinkagesBC,
  title={Linkages between Citizens and Politicians in Democratic Polities},
  author={Herbert P. Kitschelt},
  journal={Comparative Political Studies},
  year={2000},
  volume={33},
  pages={845 - 879}
}
Research on democratic party competition in the formal spatial tradition of Downs and the comparative-historical tradition of Lipset and Rokkan assumes that linkages of accountability and responsiveness between voters and political elites work through politicians’ programmatic appeals and policy achievements. This ignores, however, alternative voter-elite linkages through the personal charisma of political leaders and, more important, selective material incentives in networks of direct exchange… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Political Accountability or Political Evasion? An Examination of Politician-Voter Linkages in Hybrid Regimes
One of the main aims of representative governance surrounds the ability of citizens to hold their elected leaders accountable for their actions. In principle, this is only possible when voters knowExpand
Political entrepreneurs, clientelism, and civil society: supply-side politics in Turkey
How do citizens in developing democracies launch political careers? Despite the large literature on electoral politics in developing countries, we know surprisingly little about how individualsExpand
POLITICAL REPRESENTATION IN COMPARATIVE POLITICS
▪ Abstract Two large research programs have analyzed election-based connections between citizens and policy makers in different democracies. Studies of vote-seat representation in the tradition ofExpand
FOR PARTIES ’ ELECTORAL LINKAGE STRATEGIES ?
Do specific electoral systems and executive-legislative arrangements make it more likely that parties compete for votes by offering citizens the contingent provision of targeted, private andExpand
Political Clientelism-Beyond the Public Choice Explanation
This paper explores the theoretical perspectives and dynamics of voter-politician relationships, the determinants of voting behaviours and the parameters of electoral mechanisms in local governanceExpand
Adversarial Linkages: The Urban Poor and Electoral Politics in Jakarta
This article examines how social movements based in poor communities make electoral alliances with politicians in contemporary Indonesia. Drawing on case studies of the urban poor in two elections inExpand
Political clientelism and democracy
The article proposes a systems-theoretical approach to political clientelism. It places political clientelism in the theoretical framework of a democratic political system characterized by internalExpand
Clientelism, Policy Responsiveness, and Inequality
Progress, challenges and setbacks in the realizatio n of democratic representation, accountability and responsiveness of political elit es are crucial topics in comparative research on newExpand
Learning to Love Democracy: Electoral Accountability and the Success of Democracy
This article explains why dissatisfaction with the performance of individual politicians in new democracies often turns into disillusionment with democracy as a political system. The demands onExpand
Opposition Parties and Anti-Government Protests in Comparative Perspective
My dissertation adopts an interdisciplinary approach to examine the relationship between political parties and social movements in democratic countries. This work touches on the debates about whyExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 136 REFERENCES
"Political Leadership and Representation in West European Democracies: A Test of Three Models of Voting"
Recently the spatial theory of elections has been challenged by critics who dispute the realism of its assumptions and the empirical veracity of its predictions. This paper critically evaluates twoExpand
Post-Communist Party Systems: The Quality of Post-Communist Democracy: Patterns of Party Competition, Representation, and Inter-Party Collaboration
Democracy requires that all competent members of society enjoy essential civil and political rights to free, equal participation in the election of legislative representatives who control theExpand
Developing Democracy: Toward Consolidation
In this book noted political sociologist Larry Diamond sets forth a distinctive theoretical perspective on democratic evolution and consolidation in the late twentieth century. Rejecting theoriesExpand
Continuity and change in contemporary capitalism
In the early 1980s, many observers, argued that powerful organized economic interests and social democratic parties created successful mixed economies promoting economic growth, full employment, andExpand
The Difficult Transition from Clientelism to Citizenship: Lessons from Mexico
  • J. Fox
  • Political Science, Economics
  • 1994
Electoral competition is necessary but not sufficient for the consolidation of democratic regimes; not all elections are free and fair; nor do they necessarily lead to actual civilian rule or respectExpand
Trade and the variety of democratic institutions
Students of comparative politics have long acknowledged the importance of such institutional factors as electoral systems, parliamentary versus presidential rule, and the strength of parties; butExpand
Ideology and the theory of political choice
There is no unified theory that can explain both voter choice and where choices come from. Hinich and Munger fill that gap with their model of political communication based on ideology.Rather thanExpand
Programmatic Party Cohesion in Emerging Postcommunist Democracies
Across postcommunist states, studies of electoral competition reveal variation in the capacity of political parties to compete on the basis of clearly articulated issue-based programs. Notably, theExpand
The Populist Road to Market Reform: Policy and Electoral Coalitions in Mexico and Argentina
Governing parties face two fundamental tasks: they must pursue policies effectively, and they must win elections. Their national coalitions, therefore, generally include two types ofExpand
Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and the Provision of Collective Goods in Less-Developed Countries
Parliamentary systems are more likely, ceteris paribus, than presidential systems to give politicians the incentive to provide policies aimed at broad national constituencies rather than atExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...