Linkage of the VNTR/insulin-gene and type I diabetes mellitus: increased gene sharing in affected sibling pairs.

Ninety-six multiplex type I diabetic families were typed at the 5' flanking region of the insulin gene by using a PCR assay that better resolves the VNTR into multiple alleles. Affected sibling pairs shared 2, 1, and 0 VNTR alleles--identical by descent--at a frequency of .47, .45, and .08, respectively, a ratio that deviated from the expected 1:2:1 ratio… (More)