Linguistic strategies and markedness in Estonian morphology

  title={Linguistic strategies and markedness in Estonian morphology},
  author={Martin Ehala},
Abstract Estonian has features characteristic to both agglutinative and inflectional languages. The paper outlines in more detail the standing of different morphological subsystems on the inflective – agglutinative – analytic scale and characterises the strategies Estonian uses to express the values for some core grammatical categories. It is concluded that Estonian verbal morphology is more agglutinative than nominal and adjectival morphology. The somewhat weaker grammaticalisation of verbal… 

Segmentation: a remark on the Syncretism Principle

Morphological analyses usually prefer ‘deriving’ form-identities as systematic syncretism over just stating them in terms of accidental homophony. While such anti-homophony is mostly assumed

The diffusion of impositional innovations in the Estonian object-marking system

This study aims to specify to what extent the variation introduced in the Estonian object-marking system by Russian-dominant Estonian L2 speakers is spreading to the native usage of Estonian. 669

From cumulative to separative exponence in inflection: Reversing the morphological cycle

Morphological strategies for inflectional exponence have traditionally been associated with different stages in the evolution of languages. Moreover, the so-called morphological cycle (or the

Multiple roots of innovations in language contact: Evidence from morphological intermingling in contact between Ingrian Finnish and Estonian

This article approaches the origin of multilingual innovations in language contact by presenting data from an intensive contact situation between two closely related Finnic languages, Finnish and

Lexicon-Enhanced Neural Lemmatization for Estonian

A novel approach that enriches the seq2seq neural lemmatization model with lemma candidates generated by the rule-based VABAMORF morphological analyser and achieves statistically significant improvements in lemm atization compared to baseline models not utilizing additional lemma information.


The current doctoral dissertation is a study of the inception and advancement of the English language national examination in Estonia. The main goal of research is to trace the changes that have been

Estonský a finský illativ v pohledu kognitivní gramatiky

Kniha za pomoci popisu padových forem i významů jednoho padu ve dvou jazycich nastiňuje možnosti kognitivně gramatickeho popisu jazyka a ukazuje i různa zakouti estonske a finske gramatiky. Zabýva se



Word-based declensions in Estonian

The declensional system of modern Estonian exhibits a highly uniform wordbased structure. The system is essentially tripartite, comprising a set of singular grammatical cases, a set of plural

Grammar and Pragmatics: Changes in the Paradigm of the Estonian Imperative

The singular and plural 2nd person forms are central and stable in the paradigm of the Estonian imperative. The other forms are characterized by variation in use and forms, which points to certain

The effects of planned change on Estonian morphology

The adoption and use in modern standard Estonian of four grammatical features launched by Estonian language reformers in the 1910s have been compared to the use of corresponding means of expression in written Estonian prior to the introduction of the new features.

Language Universals: With Special Reference to Feature Hierarchies

Language Universals lays the foundations for a post-structuralist, usage-based theory of grammatical asymmetries and will continue to be influential for many years to come.

Tense Systems in European Languages II

Das Buch enthalt 16 weitere Aufsatze uber die Tempussysteme in europaischen Sprachen (vgl. "Tense Systems in European Languages", LA 308). Die behandelten Sprachen sind diesmal Islandisch,

Typology and Universals

1. Introduction 2. Typological classification 3. Implicational universals 4. Markedness in typology 5. Grammatical hierarchies 6. Prototypes and the interaction of typological patterns 7. External

Analytism and synthetism in the development of the tense and aspect

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