Linear relations between proton current and pH gradient in bacteriorhodopsin liposomes.

The dependence of proton movement across the membrane of bacteriorhodopsin liposomes on the pH gradient was investigated. Under the appropriate experimental conditions, endogenous proton (or hydroxyl) leakage, proton movement catalyzed by protonophore or nigericin, and light-driven proton translocation depend linearly on the pH gradient. This justifies the… (More)