Limits of Human Viability in the United States: A Medicolegal Review

  title={Limits of Human Viability in the United States: A Medicolegal Review},
  author={Bonnie H. Arzuaga and Ben H. Lee},
  pages={1047 - 1052}
Throughout American history, medical and legal definitions of human viability have evolved on interrelated but slightly different trajectories. In the early 19th century, although common law did not consider abortion to be a criminal offense, it was discouraged after the onset of quickening, which connected the initial delineation of viability to the sensation of fetal movement within the womb. When post–Civil War physicians campaigned to outlaw abortion, it was transformed into a criminal act… 

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