Limitations to colour-based sexual preferences in three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus)

  title={Limitations to colour-based sexual preferences in three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus)},
  author={Victoria A. Braithwaite and Iain Barber},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
Abstract Female three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) are suggested to select mates based on their red nuptial coloration, males with a redder display being more preferred. Although there are both laboratory and field data to support this view, there are also published accounts where females do not show a preference for the redder male. Here we report the results of a series of 19 trials where receptive gravid female three-spined sticklebacks were allowed to choose between two size… 
The artistic three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteous aculeatus)
Nest decoration may be important for the evolution of paternal care in this species: if males advertise their paternal skills by ornamenting their nest they will receive more matings than males with dull nests.
Do male sticklebacks prefer females with red ornamentation
The results show that red colour on the pelvic sp spine of female sticklebacks has value as a signal to males in this population, and males actually courted females with drab pelvic spines more than females whose pelvic spine had a redder hue, but only when illuminated by white light.
The role of ultraviolet wavelengths in the mate-choice decisions of female three-spined sticklebacks
It is found that females preferred males that were viewed across the full spectrum to males whose display lacked an ultraviolet component, indicating that female preference may be due to an enhancement in visual contrast when males are viewed in full spectrum conditions.
Population-Specific Covariation between Immune Function and Color of Nesting Male Threespine Stickleback
This work shows that, within stickleback populations, multiple components of male color (brightness and hue of four body parts) are correlated with multiple immune variables (ROS production, phagocytosis rates, and lymphocyte:leukocyte ratios).
The relationship between breeding coloration and mating success in male pygmy sculpin (Cottus paulus Williams)
Female Pygmy Sculpin seem to prefer males with more intense coloration and that are in good condition, which may correlate with numerous benefits such as effective brood defense, decreased filial cannibalism and fungal infections.
Do male two-spotted gobies prefer large fecund females?
It is suggested that the low variation in the two-spotted goby limits the potential fecundity benefit to be gained by a male selecting females on the basis of size alone, as suggested by theoretical models.
Reproductive success in a natural population of male three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus: effects of nuptial colour, parasites and body size.
Regression analysis revealed that male body size was the only predictor, of those measured, of reproductive success in nature.
The sexual selection paradigm: have we overlooked other mechanisms in the evolution of male ornaments?
It is shown that a male ornament that is traditionally assumed to be sexually selected—the red nuptial coloration of the three-spined stickleback—is under stronger selection for offspring survival than for mating success, which contradicts earlier assumptions and suggests that social selection for youngster survival rather than for sexual selection for matingSuccess is the main mechanism maintaining the ornament in the population.
Association between parasite load and orange, but not blue, male nuptial colouration in Etheostoma caeruleum.
The hypothesis that males possessing more vivid nuptial colouration are of better quality with regard to individual measures of health such as parasite infection was investigated by taking spectral


The relationships among nuptial coloration, aggression, and courtship of male three-spined sticklebacks, Gasterosteus aculeatus
Comparisons reveal a positive association between color state and responsiveness: brightly colored males tend to court and attack stimulus fish more vigorously than duller colored males do.
Context-dependent response to red coloration in stickleback
A dual-effect model provides a heuristic tool for understanding the agonistic behaviour of male stickleback and demonstrates the influence of spatial location on the response of male Stickleback to rivals.
Manipulations of signalling environment affect male competitive success in three-spined sticklebacks
Red belly coloration of males functions as a threat signal, and in pairs of males from a Long Island, NY, population matched for size and prior dominance experience, the more brightly coloured males were more likely to initiate and win under white light.
Experimental investigations of the evolutionary significance of sexually dimorphic nuptial colouration in Gasterosteus aculeatus (L.): the relationship between male colour and female behaviour
Cladistic analysis of behavioural interactions during a series of female choice trials revealed three groups of reproductively unsuccessful males in a population of anadromous Gasterosteus aculeatus:
The dual effect of stickleback nuptial coloration on rivals: manipulation of a graded signal using video playback
Abstract Reproductive male three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus , were presented with pairs of videotaped images of another male played back at three different colour intensities:
Determinants of Dominance in Male Sticklebacks (Gasterosteus Aculeatus L.)
It appeared that the males of the three-spined stickleback could be arranged in a linear order of dominance, and the brightness of their colouration was probably the most consistent and decisive determinant of dominance.
Male aggression and female mate choice in the threespine stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus L.*
A laboratory study of female G. aculeatus revealed no conclusive evidence of active female mate choice on the basis of male aggression levels. However, highly aggressive males failed in 95% of all
Costs influences sequential mate choice in sticklebacks, Gasterosteus aculeatus
  • M. Milinski, T. Bakker
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 1992
Female sticklebacks were highly selective in their sequential choice between dull and bright males when costs were low, but with increasing time and energy costs of moving between males, they reduced their selectivity.
The UV visual world of fishes: a review
Discovery of UV visual pigments with peak absorption at around 360 nm in teleost cone photoreceptors indicates that many teleost fishes may be adapted for vision in the UV range, and suggests that UV vision may well be co-opted through natural selection for other functions.