Limbs in whales and limblessness in other vertebrates: mechanisms of evolutionary and developmental transformation and loss

@article{Bejder2002LimbsIW,
  title={Limbs in whales and limblessness in other vertebrates: mechanisms of evolutionary and developmental transformation and loss},
  author={Lars Bejder and Brian K. Hall},
  journal={Evolution \& Development},
  year={2002},
  volume={4}
}
We address the developmental and evolutionary mechanisms underlying fore- and hindlimb development and progressive hindlimb reduction and skeletal loss in whales and evaluate whether the genetic, developmental, and evolutionary mechanisms thought to be responsible for limb loss in snakes "explain" loss of the hindlimbs in whales. [] Key Result Hindlimbs likely began to regress only after the ancestors of whales entered the aquatic environment: Hindlimb function was co-opted by the undulatory vertical axial…
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