Limbic abnormalities in affective processing by criminal psychopaths as revealed by functional magnetic resonance imaging

@article{Kiehl2001LimbicAI,
  title={Limbic abnormalities in affective processing by criminal psychopaths as revealed by functional magnetic resonance imaging},
  author={Kent A. Kiehl and Andra M. Smith and Robert D. Hare and Adrianna Mendrek and Bruce B. Forster and Johann Brink and Peter F. Liddle},
  journal={Biological Psychiatry},
  year={2001},
  volume={50},
  pages={677-684}
}
Aberrant paralimbic gray matter in criminal psychopathy.
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Investigating structural abnormalities using voxel-based morphometry in a sample of incarcerated men found psychopathy was associated with decreased regional gray matter in several paralimbic and limbic areas, including bilateral parahippocampal, amygdala, and hippocampal regions.
Disturbed prefrontal and temporal brain function during emotion and cognition interaction in criminal psychopathy.
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An impaired emotion-cognition interaction in psychopaths is found that correlated with a changed prefrontal and temporal brain activation and it is shown that structure and function of the right superior temporal gyrus is disturbed in psychopathy, supporting a neurobiological approach to psychopathy.
Brain Basis of Psychopathy in Criminal Offenders and General Population
TLDR
It is concluded that brain characteristics underlying psychopathic spectrum in violent psychopathy are related to those observed in well-functioning individuals with asocial personality features.
Brain potentials implicate temporal lobe abnormalities in criminal psychopaths.
TLDR
The authors recorded event-related potentials while 80 incarcerated men, classified as psychopathic or nonpsychopathic via the Hare Psychopathy Checklist--Revised, completed an auditory oddball task, supporting the hypothesis that psychopathy may be related to dysfunction of the paralimbic system.
Intrinsic limbic and paralimbic networks are associated with criminal psychopathy
TLDR
There is strong evidence to implicate the posterior cingulate in aberrant functional connectivity associated with the manifestation of psychopathic symptoms, consistent with the hypothesis of limbic/paralimbic abnormalities associated with psychopathy.
Abnormal cortical gyrification in criminal psychopathy
The role of prefrontal cortex in psychopathy
  • M. Koenigs
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Reviews in the neurosciences
  • 2012
TLDR
A critical summary of human neuroimaging data implicating prefrontal dysfunction in psychopathy is provided and a growing body of evidence associates psychopathy with structural and functional abnormalities in ventromedial PFC and anterior cingulate cortex.
Central nervous changes in social dysfunction: Autism, aggression, and psychopathy
TLDR
Brain imaging data is reviewed from research aiming at establishing possible central nervous correlates to aggression and psychopathy to establish a pathophysiological background to destructive personality traits and the propensity to violent acting out.
Functional Neuroimaging in Psychopathy
TLDR
Empirical evidence suggests that emotional processing and learning, and several social and affective decision-making functions are impaired in psychopathy, which correlates with specific changes in neural functions.
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