Lightning on Venus inferred from whistler-mode waves in the ionosphere

  title={Lightning on Venus inferred from whistler-mode waves in the ionosphere},
  author={Christopher T. Russell and T. L. Zhang and Magda Delva and Werner Magnes and Robert J. Strangeway and H. Y. Wei},
The occurrence of lightning in a planetary atmosphere enables chemical processes to take place that would not occur under standard temperatures and pressures. Although much evidence has been reported for lightning on Venus, some searches have been negative and the existence of lightning has remained controversial. A definitive detection would be the confirmation of electromagnetic, whistler-mode waves propagating from the atmosphere to the ionosphere. Here we report observations of Venus… 
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