Lightning and Surge Protection of Substations

  title={Lightning and Surge Protection of Substations},
  author={Roy B. Carpenter and Ralph L. Auer},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications},
Lightning and switching transients along with ground faults create significant voltage anomalies on transmission and some distribution circuits. Not only direct strikes, but nearby strikes, create significant voltage anomalies and subsequent line outages. Recent developments have made it possible to provide a solution to lightning and surge problems, and also reduce the overall cost of substation designs. It is now possible to prevent lightning strikes to any substation component (including the… CONTINUE READING


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