Light tracking through ice and water—Scattering and absorption in heterogeneous media with Photonics

@article{Lundberg2007LightTT,
  title={Light tracking through ice and water—Scattering and absorption in heterogeneous media with Photonics},
  author={Johan Lundberg and Predrag Mio{\vc}inovi{\'c} and Kurt Woschnagg and Thomas Burgess and J. Adams and Stephan Hundertmark and Paolo Desiati and P. Niessen Uppsala University and University of Hawaii and University of Southern California and Stockholm University and University of Canterbury and University of Wisconsin and University of Delaware},
  journal={Nuclear Instruments \& Methods in Physics Research Section A-accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment},
  year={2007},
  volume={581},
  pages={619-631}
}
  • J. Lundberg, P. Miočinović, +11 authors U. Delaware
  • Published 2007
  • Physics
  • Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section A-accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment
Abstract In the field of neutrino astronomy, large volumes of optically transparent matter like glacial ice, lake water, or deep ocean water are used as detector media. Elementary particle interactions are studied using in situ detectors recording time distributions and fluxes of the faint photon fields of Cherenkov radiation generated by ultra-relativistic charged particles, typically muons or electrons. The P hotonics software package was developed to determine photon flux and time… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

30TH INTERNATIONAL COSMIC RAY CONFERENCE Improved Cherenkov light propagation methods for the IceCube neutrino telescope
In the field of neutrino astronomy, optically transparent media like glacial ic e or deep ocean water are commonly used as detector medium. Elementary particle interactio ns are studied using in situExpand
The Effect of Hole Ice on the Propagation and Detection of Light in IceCube
IceCube is a neutrino observatory at Earth's South Pole that uses glacial ice as detector medium. Secondary particles from neutrino interactions produce Cherenkov light, which is detected by an arrayExpand
On the Properties of Ice at the IceCube Neutrino Telescope
The IceCube Neutrino Telescope is designed to detect high energy neutrinos with a large array of photomultiplier tubes placed deep within the Antarctic ice. The way that light propagates through theExpand
Calibration and characterization of the IceCube photomultiplier tube
Over 5000 PMTs are being deployed at the South Pole to compose the IceCube neutrino observatory. Many are placed deep in the ice to detect Cherenkov light emitted by the products of high-energyExpand
Searching for High-energy Neutrinos from Supernovae with IceCube and an Optical Follow-up Program
In violent astrophysical processes high-energy neutrinos of TeV to PeV energies are expected to be produced along with the highest energy cosmic rays. The acceleration of nuclei to very high energiesExpand
Invited review article: IceCube: an instrument for neutrino astronomy.
TLDR
The outline of this review is as follows: neutrino astronomy and kilometer-scale detectors, high-energy neutrinos telescopes: methodologies of neutrinino detection, IceCube hardware,high-energy Neutrino telescopes: beyond astronomy, and future projects. Expand
Measurement of South Pole ice transparency with the IceCube LED calibration system
The IceCube Neutrino Observatory, approximately 1 km(3) in size, is now complete with 86 strings deployed in the Antarctic ice. IceCube detects the Cherenkov radiation emitted by charged particlesExpand
Neutrino Interactions in IceCube above 1 TeV: Constraints on Atmospheric Charmed-Meson Production and Investigation of the Astrophysical Neutrino Flux with 2 Years of IceCube Data taken 2010--2012
High-energy neutrinos are ideal cosmic messengers, produced whenever cosmic rays interact with matter or photons near their as-yet unknown acceleration sites, and carrying information about theExpand
Energy Reconstruction Methods in the IceCube Neutrino Telescope
Accurate measurement of neutrino energies is essential to many of the scientific goals of large-volume neutrino telescopes. The fundamental observable in such detectors is the Cherenkov lightExpand
Search for steady and flaring astrophysical neutrino point sources with the IceCube detector
High energy neutrino astronomy relies on the predictions of neutrino fluxes coming from astrophysical objects, for example active galactic nuclei. In these models, neutrinos and gamma-rays areExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES
Transmission of light in deep sea water at the site of the Antares neutrino telescope
The ANTARES neutrino telescope is a large photomultiplier array designed to detect neutrino-induced upward-going muons by their Cherenkov radiation. Understanding the absorption and scattering ofExpand
Optical properties of deep ice at the South Pole: scattering.
TLDR
Freshly grown laboratory ice exhibits a large Rayleigh-like scattering that the authors attribute to the much higher density of decorated dislocations than in glacial ice, likely due to dislocation decorated discontinuously with impurities. Expand
Optical properties of deep ice at the South Pole: absorption.
TLDR
The laser pulse method uses transit-time distributions of pulses from a variable-frequency laser sent between emitters and receivers embedded in the ice to allow remote mapping of gross structure in dust concentration as a function of depth in glacial ice. Expand
Optical properties of deep glacial ice at the South Pole
We have remotely mapped optical scattering and absorption in glacial ice at the South Pole for wavelengths between 313 and 560 nm and depths between 1100 and 2350 m. We used pulsed and continuousExpand
Measurements of light transmission in deep Sea with the AC9 trasmissometer
The NEMO Collaboration aims to construct an underwater Cherenkov detector in the Mediterranean Sea, able to act as a neutrino telescope. One of the main tasks of this project, which implies difficultExpand
Light transmissivity in the NESTOR site
Abstract The water transmissivity is a parameter of paramount importance in the design and construction of water Cherenkov detectors which are used as neutrino telescopes. The 1/e transmissionExpand
First Year Performance of The IceCube Neutrino Telescope
The first sensors of the IceCube neutrino observatory were deployed at the South Pole during the austral summer of 2004-05 and have been producing data since February 2005. One string of 60 sensorsExpand
Role of group and phase velocity in high-energy neutrino observatories
Abstract Kuzmichev recently showed that use of phase velocity rather than group velocity for Cherenkov light signals and pulses from calibration lasers in high-energy neutrino telescopes leads toExpand
First year performance of the IceCube neutrino telescope
Abstract The first sensors of the IceCube neutrino observatory were deployed at the South Pole during the austral summer of 2004–2005 and have been producing data since February 2005. One string ofExpand
Long base line measurements of light transmission in clear water.
Measurements have been made of the uncollimated (poor geometry) 1/e transmission distance of light in seawater at ~1200- and 780-m depths, 34 km west of Keahole Point, Hawaii. The measurements wereExpand
...
1
2
3
...