Lifetime traumas and mental health: the significance of cumulative adversity.

  title={Lifetime traumas and mental health: the significance of cumulative adversity.},
  author={R. Jay Turner and Donald A. Lloyd},
  journal={Journal of health and social behavior},
  volume={36 4},
  • R. Turner, D. Lloyd
  • Published 1 December 1995
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of health and social behavior
This paper reports the community prevalence of 20 life traumas and considers their individual relevance as risk factors for psychiatric disorder. Also presented is the first evidence on the mental health significance of cumulative adversity as indexed by a count of lifetime exposure to a wide array of potentially traumatic events. The question of the importance of considering such events within efforts to assess variations in life stress is also examined. Our results demonstrate clear… 

Stress burden and the lifetime incidence of psychiatric disorder in young adults: racial and ethnic contrasts.

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The association between cumulative adversity and mental health: considering dose and primary focus of adversity

An experiential dose of cumulative adversity leading to a co-activation of distress and well-being is suggested, the source of this co- activation seems to be other-oriented adversity.

The relative impact of childhood stressor domains on young adult depression and the mediating role of social and personal resources

Numerous studies have documented the harmful effects of childhood exposure to adversity on adult psychopathology. The relative impact of different types of stress, however, is less certain. Moreover,

Potentially traumatic events at different points in the life span and mental health: findings from SHARE-Israel.

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Cumulative exposure to traumatic events in older adults

The findings suggest that the cumulative impact of exposure to traumatic events throughout the life course contributes significantly to posttraumatic stress in older adulthood above and beyond other known predictors of PTSD.

Childhood Trauma and Chronic Illness in Adulthood: Mental Health and Socioeconomic Status as Explanatory Factors and Buffers

C cumulative disadvantage following trauma may lead to chronic illness and the need for public health expenditures on resources such as counseling and income supports to prevent or reduce psychological harm and chronic illness resulting from traumatic events is suggested.

The relationship between trauma and clinical outcome variables among older adults with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

Lifetime trauma among older persons with schizophrenia with their age peers in the general population is contrasted, and it is suggested that it may be profitable to consider therapies that reduce the psychological impact of traumatic events.

How Well Do We Understand the Long-Term Health Implications of Childhood Bullying?

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Child sexual abuse: immediate and long-term effects and intervention.

  • A. Green
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • 1993
There appears to be considerable variability in the severity of the symptoms, and the authors remain ignorant of sequelae in abused children who never enter the mental health system, but some of these children may become symptomatic in adult life.

The role of parental disciplinary practices in the development of depression and alcoholism.

Examination of the relationship between disciplinary practices experienced in childhood, both mild and severe, and the experience of major depressive episodes and alcoholism in adulthood in a general population sample, in whom disorder tends to be untreated and mild is examined.

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