Lifetime exposure to estrogens and Parkinson's disease in California teachers.

  title={Lifetime exposure to estrogens and Parkinson's disease in California teachers.},
  author={N M Gatto and Dennis M. Deapen and Sue Stoyanoff and Rich Pinder and Shilpa Narayan and Yvette M. Bordelon and Beate R. Ritz},
  journal={Parkinsonism & related disorders},
  volume={20 11},
INTRODUCTION Parkinson's disease (PD) is consistently observed to occur less frequently in women than men, prompting investigation into whether estrogen protects against neurodegeneration of dopaminergic neurons. METHODS We used baseline data in the California Teachers Study, a prospective cohort of women, to investigate whether reproductive factors indicating higher long-term estrogen levels are associated with PD using a nested case-control approach. We identified 228 PD cases and 3349… CONTINUE READING
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