Lifetime- and caste-specific changes in flight metabolic rate and muscle biochemistry of honeybees, Apis mellifera

@article{Schippers2009LifetimeAC,
  title={Lifetime- and caste-specific changes in flight metabolic rate and muscle biochemistry of honeybees, Apis mellifera},
  author={Marie-Pierre Schippers and Reuven Dukas and Grant B. McClelland},
  journal={Journal of Comparative Physiology B},
  year={2009},
  volume={180},
  pages={45-55}
}
Honeybees, Apis mellifera, who show temporal polyethism, begin their adult life performing tasks inside the hive (hive bees) and then switch to foraging when they are about 2–3 weeks old (foragers). Usually hive tasks require little or no flying, whereas foraging involves flying for several hours a day and carrying heavy loads of nectar and pollen. Flight muscles are particularly plastic organs that can respond to use and disuse, and accordingly it would be expected that adjustments in flight… CONTINUE READING

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Physiological correlates of foraging efforts in honeybees— oxygen-consumption and nectar load

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