Lifestyle and routine activity theories of crime: Empirical studies of victimization, delinquency, and offender decision-making

  title={Lifestyle and routine activity theories of crime: Empirical studies of victimization, delinquency, and offender decision-making},
  author={Michael G. Maxfield},
  journal={Journal of Quantitative Criminology},
  • M. Maxfield
  • Published 1 December 1987
  • Law
  • Journal of Quantitative Criminology
The papers in this special issue of the Journal of Quantitative Criminology focus on lifestyle or routine activity theories of crime. Most examine victimization, although two authors apply the lifestyle perspective to offending. The general nature of this evolving body of theory will be familiar to most readers. But for the record, and for the benefit of those less familiar, this introductory essay briefly discusses the meaning of lifestyle and routine activity theories and sets the stage for… 
Deviant Lifestyles, Proximity to Crime, and the Offender-Victim Link in Personal Violence
This article assesses the theoretical and empirical status of offense activity and proximity to offending for explaining personal victimization. Our theoretical approach to the often-neglected
Reciprocal Effects of Victimization and Routine Activities
Although there is much research on the relationship between routine activities and victimization, we have little knowledge about the reciprocal effects of victimization and routine activities. The
ABSTRACT This paper reports findings from an exploratory, place specific study of the relationship between victims’ lifestyles, routine activities, and residential burglary victimization. A telephone
The Double-Edged Sword of Gender Equality
Objectives: While the literature confirms the applicability of routine activity/lifestyle theory in studying individual crime victimization, this study asks whether neighborhood disorganization as
Development, gender, and crime: The scope of the routine activities approach
In the past 15 years, the routine activities approach has gained considerable popularity in explaining crime rates. Its explanations are offered, however, without considering the approach's
The Seasonality of Violent Crime: The Case of Robbery and Homicide in Israel
The relationship between season of the year and criminal behavior is a classical topic in criminological research. However, much of the research in this field is atheoretical and the findings are
Testing the Situational Explanation of Victimization among Adolescents
Objectives: This study aimed to test situational theories of victimization by answering three research questions, namely to what extent victims are actually victimized while being exposed to risky
Females' initiation into violent street crime
The present study is concerned with understanding when and how women become involved in violent street crime. Specifically, the study explores the correlates or explanatory factors of such offending
Social Guardianship and Social Isolation: An Application and Extension of Lifestyle/Routine Activities Theory to Rural Adolescents*
Although the overall crime rate dropped between 1993 and 2000, both adolescent violence and violent crime in rural areas has been on the rise. However, little research has been conducted on the
Understanding the Victim-Offender Overlap: An Exploratory Study
The strong and consistent relationship between criminal involvement and victimization is one of the most persistent documented findings within criminological research. The current problem associated


The purpose of this paper is to use the recently developed “routine activities” approach to help interpret patterns of homicide in a major metropolitan area—Manhattan, New York We argue that the
Social Change and Crime Rate Trends: A Routine Activity Approach
In this paper we present a "routine activity approach" for analyzing crime rate trends and cycles. Rather than emphasizing the characteristics of offenders, with this approach we concentrate upon the
The Determinants of Larceny: an Empirical and Theoretical Study
This study ascertains the characteristics of individuals and their life styles that are differentially related to the risk of personal larceny victimization. Using the "rou tine activity" perspective
Multiple Victimization: Evidence, Theory, and Future Research
This article will review briefly the available evidence on multiple victims, which pose a host of problems for those interested in victimization surveys, especially those surveys, such as the National Crime Surveys now being carried out by the United States Census Bureau for the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, which aim to measure the volume of certain crimes or victimization in the general population.
On the Etiology of Criminal Victimization
Two assertions that have never been particularly controversial among criminologists are, first, that the amount and kinds of victimization experienced by a group of people or by a class of objects
Residential Burglary in the United States: Life-Style and Demographic Factors Associated With the Probability of Victimization
This study both ascertains the characteristics of individuals and their life styles that are differentially related to risk of residential burglary and tests a hypothesis that accounts for certain
Elderly Victims of Crime and Exposure to Risk
Abstract: It has been debated for some time whether lower rates of personal victimisation among the elderly are due to the fact that - because of fear or other reasons - they shield themselves from
Victimization Rates, Safety and Fear of Crime
A model is postulated of how victimization rates, safety and fear of crime interrelate. Certain population groups and cities show higher levels of fear of crime but lower measured victimization
Police Force Cautioning: Policy and Practice
Abstract: In June 1984 the Home Office published a Consultative Document entitled Cautioning by the Police. This followed the deliberations of a working group set up to ‘recommend a basis for more