Life on the Outside

@article{Visher2011LifeOT,
  title={Life on the Outside},
  author={Christy A. Visher and Jeremy Travis},
  journal={The Prison Journal},
  year={2011},
  volume={91},
  pages={102S - 119S}
}
With record-high incarceration rates, unprecedented extension of state supervision over individuals leaving prison, and a complex maze of legal barriers to reintegration, more people than ever before are returning home after serving time in prison. These individuals face daunting barriers to successful reintegration. Successful reentry requires strong community support networks and comprehensive services, both of which are lacking in urban areas to which most former prisoners return… 

Figures from this paper

Intervention development study of the five-key model for reentry: An evidence-driven prisoner reentry intervention
Abstract Over the past decade and a half, substantial resources were poured into the development of prisoner reentry programs. However, the excitement that surrounded the initial roll out of reentry
Prison as Punishment: A Behavior-Analytic Evaluation of Incarceration
TLDR
Criminological data related to incarceration is reviewed and components of imprisonment in light of behavior-analytic research on punishment are evaluated, including elements such as the individual’s learning history and aspects of the punisher.
Strain During Reentry: A Test of General Strain Theory Using a Sample of Adult Former Prisoners
The majority of reentry studies focus on identifying different dimensions of reentry needs among released prisoners. Less explored is the mechanism by which unfulfilled reentry needs cause reentry
A home is more than a roof over your head: Post-prison reintegration challenges in Austria
Life after prison can pose challenges for the formerly incarcerated, their families, and wider communities. This research studies Austria where probation services are either mandated by the court or
Mechanisms of Familial Influence on Reentry among Formerly Incarcerated Latino Men.
TLDR
Examination of the role of the family in the reentry process with formerly incarcerated Latino men suggests that family mechanisms of social control and social support influence FILM's reentry.
Community Reintegration Among Prisoners With Child Support Obligations: An Examination of Debt, Needs, and Service Receipt
In line with emerging work on the role of fatherhood in prisoner reentry, this study directs attention to the financial obligations that connect fathers to their families in reentry. Specifically,
Navigating Limited and Uncertain Access to Subsidized Housing After Prison
TLDR
Drawing on data from repeated qualitative interviews with 44 former prisoners, this work describes the creative and often labor-intensive strategies that participants employed to navigate discretion and better position themselves for subsidized housing that was in high demand, but also largely out of reach.
An Experimental Evaluation of a Comprehensive Employment-Oriented Prisoner Re-entry Program
ObjectivesWhile the economic model of crime suggests that improving post-prison labor market prospects should reduce recidivism, evaluations of previous employment-oriented re-entry programs have
What Works in Reentry and How to Improve Outcomes
This chapter examines the empirical literature on what is known and required to have an effective prisoner reentry program. A particular emphasis is placed on a review of the scientific literature
Life-Course Perspectives and Prisoner Reentry
The goal of this chapter is to argue both that prisoner reentry research may be improved by systematically drawing on life-course perspectives and, conversely, that life-course theoretical
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 68 REFERENCES
Prisoner Reentry in Perspective
Contrary to the popular image that reentry is a wave of released prisoners about to enter society, the growth of the prisoner release population has leveled off, after the dramatic rise during the
Prisoner Reentry: What Works, What Does Not, and What Is Promising
During the past decade, there has been a renewed interest in prisoner reentry. This is due to a change in many of the factors surrounding the release of prisoners and their reentry to the community.
Understanding the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry: Research Findings from the Urban Institute's Prisoner Reentry Portfolio
In 2000, the Urban Institute (UI) launched an ongoing investment in prisoner reentry research to better understand the pathways of successful reintegration, the social and fiscal costs of current
But They All Come Back: Facing the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry
As our justice system has embarked upon one of our time's greatest social experiments?responding to crime by expanding prisons?we have forgotten the iron law of imprisonment: they all come back. In
What Works in Prisoner Reentry? Reviewing and Questioning the Evidence.
MORE THAN 600,000 individuals will leave state prisons and return home this year. That is 1,600 a day, and a sixfold increase in prisoner releases since 1970. Of course, inmates have always been
Employment after Prison: A Longitudinal Study of Releasees in Three States
In this brief, we explore the reality of finding employment after prison from the perspective of 740 former male prisoners in Illinois, Ohio, and Texas. Interviews were conducted as part of a
Collateral Consequences of Imprisonment for Children, Communities, and Prisoners
Analyses of the effects of America's experiment with vastly increased use of imprisonment as a penal sanction typically focus on crime reduction and public spending. Little attention has been paid to
Transitions from Prison to Community: Understanding Individual Pathways
▪ Abstract In 2002, over 600,000 individuals left state and federal prisons, four times as many as were released in 1975. However, according to a national study, within 3 years, almost 7 in 10 will
When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry
Preface 1. Introduction and Overview 2. Who's Coming Home? A Profile of Returning Prisoners 3. The Origins and Evolution of Modern Parole 4. The Changing Nature of Parole Supervision and Services 5.
Does Parole Work?: Analyzing the Impact of Postprison Supervision on Rearrest Outcomes
Most prisoners released in the United States are subject to community supervision, often called parole. But little is known about whether parole increases public safety outcomes or improves reentry
...
1
2
3
4
5
...