Life history, ecology and longevity in bats

@article{Wilkinson2002LifeHE,
  title={Life history, ecology and longevity in bats},
  author={Gerald S. Wilkinson and Jason M. South},
  journal={Aging Cell},
  year={2002},
  volume={1}
}
The evolutionary theory of aging predicts that life span should decrease in response to the amount of mortality caused by extrinsic sources. Using this prediction, we selected six life history and ecological factors to use in a comparative analysis of longevity among 64 bat species. On average, the maximum recorded life span of a bat is 3.5 times greater than a non‐flying placental mammal of similar size. Records of individuals surviving more than 30 years in the wild now exist for five species… Expand
Ecology and mode-of-life explain lifespan variation in birds and mammals
TLDR
It is shown that, over and above the effect of body mass, the most important factor enabling longer lifespan is the ability to fly, which was true for non-volant species, where lifespan correlated positively with both arboreality and fossoriality. Expand
Is group size related to longevity in mammals?
TLDR
It was found that group size was a poor predictor of maximum longevity across all mammals, as well as within primates and rodents, and body mass was consistently the best predictor ofmaximum longevity. Expand
Sex-Biased Senescence in a Polygynous Bat Species
TLDR
The results are consistent with the theories for polygynous mammals, which view the trade-off between male investment in physical traits for intense male–male competition against survival as a major source of the decline of male survival with age. Expand
Recurrent evolution of extreme longevity in bats
TLDR
The evolution of size-corrected longevity on a recent molecular phylogeny is reconstructed and it is found that at least four lineages of bats have lifespans more than fourfold those of similar-sized placental mammals. Expand
DIET INFLUENCES LIFE SPAN IN PARROTS (PSITTACIFORMES)
TLDR
It is suggested that extreme longevity in parrots has evolved in response to species-specific characteristics of diet, habitat, and behavior that influence extrinsic mortality rates. Expand
Survival, Aging, and Life-History Tactics in Mammalian Hibernators
TLDR
Accumulating evidence is reviewed suggesting that hibernation is part of a specific “slow-paced” mammalian life-history tactic that is associated with increased survival, retarded physiological aging, increased maximum longevity, low rates of fecundity, and long generation times. Expand
Ageing Studies on Bats: A Review
Bat biologists have long known about the exceptional longevity of bats (Order: Chiroptera), which is unusual for mammals of such a small size and a high metabolic rate. Yet relatively few mechanisticExpand
Hibernation is associated with increased survival and the evolution of slow life histories among mammals
TLDR
The combined results suggest that hibernation is associated with high rates of overwinter and annual survival, and an increase in survival in hibernating species is linked with the coevolution of traits indicative of relatively slow life histories. Expand
Methods for Age Estimation and the Study of Senescence in Bats
A DE S , bat biologists have accumulated data on the lifespans of 65 species of bats. The current list of species-speci c maximum longevities is surprisingly extensive (see Wilkin-son and South,Expand
DIET INFLUENCES LIFE SPAN IN PARROTS (PSITTACIFORMES)
A .—Evolutionary hypotheses regarding longevity predict that life span should increase as extrinsic mortality rates decrease. Specifi cally, a decline in agespecifi c survival and fertility shouldExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 101 REFERENCES
Mammalian aging, metabolism, and ecology: evidence from the bats and marsupials.
TLDR
Bats have maximum life spans a minimum of 3 times those of nonflying eutherians--a trend resulting from neither low basal metabolic rate, the ability to enter torpor, nor large relative brain size, consistent with an evolutionary theory that posits exceptionally long life spans among mammals with reduced environmental vulnerability. Expand
Life-history and Reproductive Strategies of Bats
TLDR
Bats have distinctive life-history strategies for mammals of their size characterized by longevity with multiple reproductive events, low litter size and delayed onset of sexual maturity, and may represent a strategy by which energetic investment in young is optimized in relation to seasonal food abundance. Expand
Mammal life‐history evolution: a comparative test of Charnov's model
TLDR
Phylogenetic analysis of life-table data from 64 species, ranging across nine orders, supports all of Charnov's assumptions and most of his predictions, indicating that his theory could be a major breakthrough in understanding the evolution of life histories in placental mammals. Expand
Bat longevity and metabolic rate
TLDR
A review of longevity records and population survival rates suggests that bats as a whole have long life spans, and warm climate forms do not appear to have a shorter maximum life span. Expand
Extraordinary lifespans in ants: a test of evolutionary theories of ageing
TLDR
It is shown that the evolution of eusociality is associated with a 100-fold increase in insect lifespan, predicted by evolutionary theories because termite, bee and ant queens live in colonies that are sheltered and heavily defended against predators. Expand
Roosting Ecology of Bats
Bats spend over half their lives subjected to the selective pressures of their roost environment; thus it is not surprising that the conditions and events associated with roosting have played aExpand
Scaling of maximal lifespan in bats.
TLDR
It was concluded that existing hypotheses do not account for the long lifespan observed in bats generally and predictions of maximal lifespan in heterothermic bats based on estimated lifetime basal energy consumption and body weight are in reasonable agreement with observed values. Expand
Dietary restriction and aging: comparative tests of evolutionary hypotheses.
  • K. Kirk
  • Biology, Medicine
  • The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences
  • 2001
TLDR
There was support for the idea that the response to chronic DR is associated with changes in reproductive allocation during short-term periods of starvation: species that reduced reproduction when starved increased their life span under DR, whereas species that continued to reproduce when starved decreased their life spans under DR. Expand
Comparison of aging-related mortality among birds and mammals
TLDR
It is suggested that causes of extrinsic mortality in nature may be replaced in captivity by intrinsically controlled causes of mortality related to processes that regulate the rate of aging. Expand
Evolution of senescence: late survival sacrificed for reproduction.
  • T. Kirkwood, M. Rose
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 1991
TLDR
The antagonistic pleiotropy theory proposes that certain alleles that are favoured because of beneficial early effects also have deleterious later effects, and the disposable soma theory suggests that because of the competing demands of reproduction less effort is invested in the maintenance of somatic tissues than is necessary for indefinite survival. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...