Life expectancy in less developed countries: socioeconomic development or public health?

  title={Life expectancy in less developed countries: socioeconomic development or public health?},
  author={Richard G. Rogers and Sharon Miller Wofford},
  journal={Journal of Biosocial Science},
  pages={245 - 252}
Summary Various studies have enquired into the influence of socioeconomic development or public health measures on life expectancies in less developed countries. Analysis of the effect of these two groups of factors upon life expectancy, using data for 95 less developed countries, indicates that mortality is primarily influenced by such socioeconomic development measures as urbanization, industrialization, and education, and secondarily by such public health measures as access to safe water… 

Determinants of Life Expectancy in Developing Countries

The paper attempts to examine the socio-economic determinants of life expectancy for 91 developing countries using multiple regression and probit frameworks. Disaggregated probit regression has been

Standards of living and health status: the socioeconomic determinants of life expectancy gain in sub-Saharan Africa

Using a panel dataset on 45 sub-Saharan Africa countries (SSA), this study analyzes empirically the socioeconomic determinants of life expectancy gain (considered as an indicator of global health

Determinants of life expectancy in the Eastern

Conclusion Predictors of life expectancy differed between non-industrialized and industrialized nations, with the exception of vaccination averages. Non-industrialized/ least developed nations were

Socio-economic factors & longevity in a cohort of Kerala State, India

Socio-economic disparity in longevity was observed: wealthy people from Kerala State presented a longer life expectancy as compared to the deprived persons.

Determinants of life expectancy in the Eastern Mediterranean Region.

Predictors of life expectancy differed between non-industrialized and industrialized nations, with the exception of vaccination averages, and continued work to address differences in the quality of and access to care in the EMR is required.

Environmental determinants of life expectancy at birth in Turkey

The life expectancy at birth in Turkey was affected by forest area per km 2, and it was found out that forest area is one of the main issues for the healthy life of the country.

Predicting Life Expectancy: A Cross-Country Empirical Analysis

Most economic research on life expectancy focuses on building forecasting models using mortality trends or constructing parameter life expectancy models with samples of individuals. We here provide a

Characterisation of Health and Social Development

Summary The relative performance of less developed countries in their health, demographic and economic sectors was assessed by means of comparative indices constructed with the help of a factor

The Determinants of Life Expectancy in Emerging Countries: Fresh Evidence From SAARC Countries

The disparity in life expectancy at birth is believed to be rooted in the socio-economic backgrounds of different social groups characterized by poverty status and living arrangements. The current

Cultural and Social Factors Influencing Mortality Levels in Developing Countries

Recent analyses of Third World data, both at the level of national or other large aggregates and at that of individuals studied in sample surveys, have revealed the surprising fact that social



Socioeconomic development, medical care, and nutrition as determinants of infant mortality in less-developed countries.

Using data for sixty less‐developed countries, a causal model in which medical care, nutrition, status of women, and socioeconomic development are examined as determinants of infant mortality indicates that good nutrition and the presence of informally trained health care personnel, i.e., midwives, are more significantly related to low rates of infants mortality.

Longer life but worsening health? Trends in health and mortality of middle-aged and older persons.

  • L. Verbrugge
  • Medicine
    The Milbank Memorial Fund quarterly. Health and society
  • 1984
population has enjoyed rapidly declining mortality rates at all ages and for both sexes. This was an unanticipated phenomenon; it followed two decades (the 1950s and 1960s) of virtually stationary

The changing relation between mortality and level of economic development.

Evidence consists of cross-sectional relationships between national life expectancies and national income per head evaluated during three different decades of the twentieth century to estimate the relative contribution of economic factors to increases in life expectancy during the twentieth Century.

Income and inequality as determinants of mortality: An international cross-section analysis

Summary This paper analyses the effects of income and income distribution on mortality. The likely relation between income and mortality for individuals is discussed, and implications for the

Mortality and development revisited.

  • S. Preston
  • Economics
    Population bulletin of the United Nations
  • 1985
This paper attempts to update results reported in 2 earlier papers about the role of socioeconomic factors in worldwide mortality declines since the 1930s and estimates the amount of shift in the relation between mortality and other development indicators during the 1965-69 to 1975-79 period.

Dynamic Equilibrium of Economic and Demographic Transition

Invariably, the case history of Ceylon is cited in support of postulations that modern medicine and public health permit significant reductions in mortality quite independently of economic

A century of international mortality trends: II

Abstract The basic data used in an earlier paper, on very nearly all the national life tables ever published, are applied here to several additional questions. The first two sections examine some

Extending epidemiologic transition theory: a new stage.

The epidemiologic transition theory is examined, the need for a new stage is substantiated, and current cause‐specific trends in mortality and the social and demographic implications of such trends are discussed.

Reasons for the decline of mortality in england and wales during the nineteenth century

Five diseases or disease groups accounted for almost the whole of the reduction in mortality between 1851–60 and 1891–1900: tuberculosis (all forms), 47.2 per cent; typhus, enteric fever and simple continued fever; scarlet fever; diarrhoea, dysentery and cholera; and smallpox, 6.1 per cent.

Areal structure and rates of childlessness among American wives in 1970.

The prediction that childlessness is related to areal differences in alternative roles and other factors that delay childbearing was strongly supported for white wives and generally confirmed for Black wives.