Life-cycle economic analysis of distributed manufacturing with open-source 3-D printers

  title={Life-cycle economic analysis of distributed manufacturing with open-source 3-D printers},
  author={Ben T. Wittbrodt and Alexandra G. Glover and John J. Laureto and Gerald C. Anzalone and Douglas E. Oppliger and John L. Irwin and Joshua M. Pearce},
Environmental Life Cycle Analysis of Distributed Three-Dimensional Printing and Conventional Manufacturing of Polymer Products
With the recent development of the RepRap, an open-source self-replicating rapid prototyper, low-cost three-dimensional (3D) printing is now a technically viable form of distributed manufacturing of
Distributed Manufacturing of Flexible Products: Technical Feasibility and Economic Viability
Distributed manufacturing even at the household level is now well established with the combined use of open source designs and self-replicating rapid prototyper (RepRap) 3-D printers. Previous work
Applications of Open Source 3-D Printing on Small Farms
The results show a general izabletechnical viability and economic benefit to adopting open-source 3-D printing for any of the technologies, although the individual economic impact is highly dependent on needs and frequency of use on a specific farm.
Emergence of Home Manufacturing in the Developed World: Return on Investment for Open-Source 3-D Printers
Through reduced 3-D printer cost, increased usability, and greater material selection, additive manufacturing has transitioned from business manufacturing to the average prosumer. This study serves
Life Cycle Assessment of 3d Printed Products in a Distributed Manufacturing System
Motivated by the rising costs of doing business overseas and the rise and implementation of digital technologies in production, new strategies are being explored to bring production and demand
A Low-Cost Open-Source Metal 3-D Printer
This paper reports on the development of a open-source metal 3-D printer that is a combination of a low-cost commercial gas-metal arc welder and a derivative of the Rostock, a deltabot RepRap.
Life Cycle Analysis of Distributed Recycling of Post-consumer High Density Polyethylene for 3-D Printing Filament
The growth of desktop 3-D printers is driving an interest in recycled 3-D printer filament to reduce costs of distributed production. Life cycle analysis studies were performed on the recycling of


Environmental Impacts of Distributed Manufacturing from 3-D Printing of Polymer Components and Products
Although additive layer manufacturing is well established for rapid prototyping the low throughput and historic costs have prevented mass-scale adoption. The recent development of the RepRap, an open
3-D Printing of Open Source Appropriate Technologies for Self-Directed Sustainable Development
This study critically examines how open source 3-D printers enable the use of designs in the public domain to fabricate open source appropriate technology (OSAT), which are easily and economically made from readily available resources by local communities to meet their needs.
A Simple, Low-Cost Conductive Composite Material for 3D Printing of Electronic Sensors
This advance in low-cost 3D printing with offer a new paradigm in the3D printing field with printed sensors and electronics embedded inside 3D printed objects in a single build process without requiring complex or expensive materials incorporating additives such as carbon nanotubes.
The intellectual property implications of low-cost 3D printing
In the late 1970s 3D printing started to become established as a manufacturing technology. Thirty years on the cost of 3D printing machines is falling to the point where private individuals in the
Additive layered manufacturing: sectors of industrial application shown through case studies
In modern industry, mass production has migrated to third world countries. To be competitive, European companies are forced to rapidly switch towards manufacturing of short series of customised
Integrated 3D-printed reactionware for chemical synthesis and analysis.
Using a low-cost 3D printer and open-source design software, reactionware for organic and inorganic synthesis was produced, which included printed- in catalysts and other architectures with printed-in components for electrochemical and spectroscopic analysis.
Distributed recycling of waste polymer into RepRap feedstock
– A low‐cost, open source, self‐replicating rapid prototyper (RepRap) has been developed, which greatly expands the potential user base of rapid prototypers. The operating cost of the RepRap can be
Building Research Equipment with Free, Open-Source Hardware
Theopen-source paradigm is now enabling creation of open-source scientific hardware by combining three-dimensional (3D) printing with open- source microcontrollers running on FOSS.
Self‐assembly in additive manufacturing: opportunities and obstacles
Purpose – Additive manufacturing (AM) offers substantial flexibility in shape, but much less flexibility in materials and functionality – particularly at small size scales. A system for automatically
An open source hardware-based mechatronics project: The replicating rapid 3-D printer
This contribution reviews the execution of an open source hardware (OSHW) project as part of the Master in Mechatronics Degree Programme at the University of Southern Denmark. There were a number of