Life cycle assessment of recycling strategies for perovskite photovoltaic modules

@article{Tian2021LifeCA,
  title={Life cycle assessment of recycling strategies for perovskite photovoltaic modules},
  author={Xueyu Tian and Samuel D. Stranks and Fengqi You},
  journal={Nature Sustainability},
  year={2021},
  volume={4},
  pages={821 - 829}
}
Effective recycling of spent perovskite solar modules will further reduce the energy requirements and environmental consequences of their production and deployment, thus facilitating their sustainable development. Here, through ‘cradle-to-grave’ life cycle assessments of a variety of perovskite solar cell architectures, we report that substrates with conducting oxides and energy-intensive heating processes are the largest contributors to primary energy consumption, global warming potential and… 
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