Life cycle assessment of central softening of very hard drinking water.

Abstract

Many consumers prefer softened water due to convenience issues such as avoidance of removing limescale deposits from household appliances and surfaces, and to reduce consumption of cleaning agents and laundry detergents leading to lower household expenses. Even though central softening of drinking water entailed an increased use of energy, sand and… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.03.030

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