Life cycle assessment and costing of urine source separation: Focus on nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug removal.

@article{Landry2016LifeCA,
  title={Life cycle assessment and costing of urine source separation: Focus on nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug removal.},
  author={Kelly A Landry and Treavor H. Boyer},
  journal={Water research},
  year={2016},
  volume={105},
  pages={487-495}
}
Urine source separation has the potential to reduce pharmaceutical loading to the environment, while enhancing nutrient recovery. The focus of this life cycle assessment (LCA) was to evaluate the environmental impacts and economic costs to manage nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (i.e., diclofenac, ibuprofen, ketoprofen and naproxen) and nutrients in human urine. Urine source separation was compared with centralized wastewater treatment (WWT) (biological or upgraded with ozonation… CONTINUE READING
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