Life Music: The Sonification of Proteins

  title={Life Music: The Sonification of Proteins},
  author={John Dunn and Mary Anne Clark},
An artist and a biologist have collaborated on the sonification of protein data to produce the audio compact disc Life Music. Here they describe the process by which this collaboration merges scientific knowledge and artistic expression to produce soundscapes from the basic building blocks of life. The soundscapes may be encountered as aesthetic experiences, as scientific inquiries or as both. The authors describe the rationale both for the artistic use of science and for the scientific use of… 

Electronic Music for Bio-Molecules Using Short Music Phrases

ABSTRACT The authors explore protein sonification issues using Morse code theory. Short musical phrases based on protein amino acids are used to compose protein music. Rhythms and tunes familiar to

Converting DNA to Music : C OMPOS A LIGN

Alignments are part of the most important data type in the field of comparative genomics. They can be abstracted to a character matrix derived from aligned sequences. A variety of biological

Converting DNA to Music: ComposAlign

The tool, called COMPOSALIGN, was developed to sonify large scale genomic data and allows the mapping of genes to motifs and species to instruments and the resulting musical composition is based on COMMON MUSIC.

Music notes to amino acid sequence: A STEAM approach to study protein structure

  • S. AçanN. Acan
  • Biology
    Biochemistry and molecular biology education : a bimonthly publication of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • 2019
Three‐dimensional structures were modeled by I‐Tasser Protein Structure and Function Prediction server and the structure of the possible models were investigated and by using the famous nursery song “Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star” notes, a hypothetical protein sequence was obtained.

Microbes and Music

This study developed a Musical Instrument Digital Interface interpretation suitable for applying to strings generated by L-systems that had been previously developed to model the growth of filamentous microbes (fungi and bacteria).

Protein Structure: A DecorAtive DiSPlAy

  • Biology
  • 2013
The analogies discussed in this paper can be used to understand the structure-function relationship; they convey the structural and functional information aesthetically.

The Music of Human Hormones

Abstract In this study, the authors take on the challenge to translate biological form (science) into musical form (art). Through scientifically developed methodology, the authors link two aspects of

Conversion of amino-acid sequence in proteins to classical music: search for auditory patterns

This work converted genome-encoded protein sequences into musical notes to reveal auditory patterns without compromising musicality and will help make genomic coding sequences more approachable for the general public, young children, and vision-impaired scientists.

Carex Siderosticta Plastid - Photosystem II

This composition is based on musical scores generated by software developed that maps DNA sequences into musical notation, and converts genes responsible for photosynthesis found on the plastid of a carex siderosticta plant into a musical score.



Recruitment of enzymes as lens structural proteins.

It now appears that the major taxon-specific crystallins of vertebrates and invertebrates are either enzymes or closely related to enzymes.

The Schillinger system of musical composition

Choose Something Like a Star,

  • Steeple Bush (New York: Henery Holt,
  • 1947