Life Histories, Blood Revenge, and Warfare in a Tribal Population

@article{Chagnon1988LifeHB,
  title={Life Histories, Blood Revenge, and Warfare in a Tribal Population},
  author={Napoleon A. Chagnon},
  journal={Science},
  year={1988},
  volume={239},
  pages={985 - 992}
}
  • N. Chagnon
  • Published 26 February 1988
  • Political Science
  • Science
Blood revenge is one of the most commonly cited causes of violence and warfare in tribal societies, yet it is largely ignored in recent anthropological theories of primitive warfare. A theory of tribal violence is presented showing how homicide, revenge, kinship obligations, and warfare are linked and why reproductive variables must be included in explanations of tribal violence and warfare. Studies of the Yanomam� Indians of Amazonas during the past 23 years show that 44 percent of males… 

Life histories, blood revenge, and reproductive success among the Waorani of Ecuador

It is suggested that the spacing of revenge raids may be involved in the explanation of why the consequences of aggressiveness differ between these 2 warlike lowland South American peoples.

Chronic problems in understanding tribal violence and warfare.

The paper concludes with a summary of some of the main features of Yanomamö violence and warfare, based on the author's field research and publications up to 1990, and introduces new data and theoretical issues that are emerging from his most recent field studies since 1990.

Blood Revenge and Violent Mobilization: Evidence from the Chechen Wars

Despite a considerable amount of ethnographic research into the phenomena of blood revenge and blood feud, little is known about the role of blood revenge in political violence, armed conflict, and

Evolutionary and Life History Insights into Masculinity and Warfare

In this paper I present, evaluate, and discuss evidence that evolutionary and life history theory can inform our understanding of violence and warfare as well as how these human challenges are

Warfare and reproductive success in a tribal population

Data on participation in small-scale livestock raids among the Nyangatom, a group of nomadic pastoralists in East Africa, suggests that in this cultural context raiding provides opportunities for increased reproductive success over the lifetime.

Male Age Composition and Severity of Conflicts

From a behavioral ecology perspective, all forms of warfare are instances of collective aggression perpetrated predominantly by coalitions of young men. Such coalitions are manifestations of

War and a semblance of peace in the Inca heartland

From interview transcripts and other written sources drawn from native testimony about warfare, an image can be developed of the conduct of war in the Inca heartland just before and during the Inca

Anthropology and Militarism

Anthropologists’ selections of topics and field sites have often been shaped by militarism, but they have been slow to make militarism, especially American militarism, an object of study. In the high

Ethnic soldiers, messiahs, and cockalorums

Ferguson, R. Brian, and Neil L. Whitehead, eds. War in the Tribal Zone: Expanding States and Indigenous Warfare. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1992. xiv + 303 pp. including appendix,

Lethal Violence: A Global View on Homicide

  • D. Oberwittler
  • Law
    Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice
  • 2019
As the most serious crime, homicide is both relevant and suitable for cross-national comparisons. The global homicide rate of ca. 6 per 100,000 people is an average of hugely diverging national rates
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 65 REFERENCES

The genetic structure of a tribal population, the Yanomama Indians. XII. Biodemographic studies.

  • J. NeelK. Weiss
  • Environmental Science
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1975
The Yyanomama Indians of Southern Venezuela and Northern Brazil are one of the largest, relatively unacculturated tribes of the tropical rain forest and data collected on estimated age, sex ratio, fertility rates, and infant death rates provide a basis for relatively precise estimates of such demographic measures as Fisher's Reproductive Value, Crow's Index of Total Selection, and Weiss' Index of Growth Regulation.

Reconsidering Violence in Simple Human Societies: Homicide among the Gebusi of New Guinea [and Comments and Reply]

Homicide rates among the Gebusi of lowland New Guinea are among the highest yet reported. This paper characterizes and empirically tests Gebusi homicide data against the predictions of three theories

Animal Capture and Yanomamo Warfare: Retrospect and New Evidence

  • M. Harris
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of Anthropological Research
  • 1984
Much new evidence has accumulated confirming the social and biological significance of meat distribution and consumption among the Yanomamo and other South American tropical forest groups. This

Protein deficiency and tribal warfare in Amazonia: new data.

Recently completed field research among the Yanomamö Indians living at the Venezuela-Brazil border indicates that their protein intake is comparable to that found in highly developed industrialized nations and as much as 200 percent more than many nutritional authorities recommend as daily allowances.

When a child dies: the sociobiology of bereavement.

It was found that mothers grieved more than fathers, healthy children were grieved for more than unhealthy children; male children weregrieved forMore than female children; health of child and sex of child interacted such that the pattern of grief intensity obtained was healthy male greater than healthy female = unhealthy female = healthy male.

The genetic structure of a tribal population, the Yanomama indians. VII. Anthropometric differences among Yanomama villages.

Anthropometric data on 12 variables in 19 villages of the Yanomama Indians demonstrate significant heterogeneity in physique among villages of this tribe and univariate analysis indicates that face height and nose height are especially susceptible to systematic differences in technique between observers.

Despotism and Differential Reproduction: A Darwinian View of History

"Much light will be thrown on the origin of man and his history," thus ended Darwin's "Origin of Species". For many years, the book provoked a flood of argument, but yielded little evidence. In the

On the Study of Social Change

Social anthropologists study the cultures and customs of different societies, examining the operation of social systems. However, social change also plays a significant role in understanding the

On Cultural and Reproductive Success: Kipsigis Evidence

Studies testing the evolutionary biological prediction that striving for cultural goals is a proximate means of attaining high reproductive success are reviewed, and some of their problems are

Coefficients of Inbreeding and Relationship

The importance of having a coefficient by means of which the degree of inbreeding may be expressed has been brought out by Pearl' in a number of papers published between 1913 and 1917.
...