Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Thin‐film Photovoltaic Electricity Generation

  title={Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Thin‐film Photovoltaic Electricity Generation},
  author={Hyung Chul Kim and Vasilis M. Fthenakis and Jun‐Ki Choi and Damon Economy Turney},
  journal={Journal of Industrial Ecology},
We present the process and the results of harmonization of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions during the life cycle of commercial thin‐film photovoltaics (PVs), that is, amorphous silicon (a‐Si), cadmium telluride (CdTe), and copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS). We reviewed 109 studies and harmonized the estimates of GHG emissions by aligning the assumptions, parameters, and system boundaries. During the initial screening we eliminated abstracts, short conference papers, presentations without… 
Thin-film photovoltaic power generation offers decreasing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing environmental co-benefits in the long term.
A hybrid life cycle assessment using the most recent manufacturing data and technology roadmaps compares present and projected environmental, human health, and natural resource implications of electricity generated from two common thin-film PV technologies in the United States to those of the current U.S. electricity mix.
Life‐cycle greenhouse gas emissions and energy payback time of current and prospective silicon heterojunction solar cell designs
Silicon heterojunction (SHJ) cells offer high efficiencies and several advantages in the production process compared to conventional crystalline silicon solar cells. We performed a life‐cycle
Life cycle assessment of photovoltaic manufacturing consortium (PVMC) copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) modules
PurposeThin film copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) photovoltaic (PV) modules show promise for significant growth. The Photovoltaics Manufacturing Consortium (PVMC) is leading research and


Emissions from photovoltaic life cycles.
Overall, all PV technologies generate far less life-cycle air emissions per GWh than conventional fossil-fuel-based electricity generation technologies.
Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Life Cycle of CdTe Photovoltaics
The life cycle of the thin film CdTe PV modules in the U.S. have been investigated based on materials and energy inventories for a commercial 25 MW/yr production plant. The energy payback times
Energy payback and life‐cycle CO2 emissions of the BOS in an optimized 3·5 MW PV installation
This study is a life‐cycle analysis of the balance of system (BOS) components of the 3·5 MWp multi‐crystalline PV installation at Tucson Electric Power's (TEP) Springerville, AZ field PV plant. TEP
Energy pay‐back time and life‐cycle CO2 emission of residential PV power system with silicon PV module
The concerns about environmental impacts of photovoltaic (PV) power systems are growing with the increasing expectation of PV technologies. In this paper, three kinds of silicon-based PV modules,
Life cycle GHG emission analysis of power generation systems: Japanese case
Prospective CO2 emissions from energy supplying systems: photovoltaic systems and conventional grid within Spanish frame conditions
Background, aim, and scopeIn order to assess the environmental sustainability of a novel wastewater treatment process based on power an electrochemical reactor by photovoltaic solar modules