Life, Mind, and Robots: The Ins and Outs of Embodied Cognition

  title={Life, Mind, and Robots: The Ins and Outs of Embodied Cognition},
  author={Noel E. Sharkey and Tom Ziemke},
  booktitle={Hybrid Neural Systems},
Many believe that the major problem facing traditional arti- cial intelligence (and the functional theory of mind) is how to connect intelligence to the outside world. Some turned to robotic functionalism and a hybrid response, that attempts to rescue symbolic functionalism by grounding the symbol system with a connectionist hook to the world. Others turned to an alternative approach, embodied cognition, that emer- ged from an older tradition in biology, ethology, and behavioural model- ling… 
Robotics, biological grounding and the Fregean tradition
The implications of what is called the biological grounding problem for robotic studies: Natural and artificial agents are hugely different and it will be necessary to articulate what must be replicated by artificial agents such as robots.
Are Robots Embodied ?
Embodiment has become an important concept in many areas of cognitive science. There are, however, very different notions of exactly what embodiment is and what kind of body is required for what kind
This paper aims to revisit some fundamental perspectives and promote new approaches to reasoning machines and their associated form and function, illustrating how a machine can have fundamentally different capabilities than a human which allows us to exploit, rather than be constrained by these important differences.
Future reasoning machines: mind and body
The two case studies illustrate how a machine can have fundamentally different capabilities than a human which allows us to exploit, rather than be constrained, by these important differences.
A stroll through the wor lds of robots and animals : Applying Jakob von Uexküll ’ s theory of meaning to adaptive robots and ar tificial li fe ⊕
Despite the relevance of much of Jakob von Uexküll ’s work to artificial intelli gence and the cognitive sciences, it was largely ignored until the mid1980s. Since then, much research has been
This paper discusses embodiment, its interpretations, misinterpretations and the role it has played in artificial intelligence to date and specifically in the realisation of the “ intelligent robot” and wishes to emphasise that agent-world interaction must develop away from this “ ONWorld” approach.
Minding the Body Interacting socially through embodied action
This dissertation clarifies the role and relevance of the body in social interaction and cognition from an embodied cognitive science perspective. Theories of embodied cognition have during the past
Fundamental Issues in Social Robotics
A number of fundamental distinctions between humans and machines in the field of social robotics are discussed, and situating these issues with a view to understanding how to address them is discussed.
Embodied Mobile Robots
With the growing research in autonomous systems, the issue of embodiment has become a fundamental issue in artificial intelligence. However, the necessity of embodiment is a perspective that has been
Disentangling Notions of Embodiment
Embodiment has become a n important concept in many areas of cognitive science. There a re, however, very different notions of exactly what embodiment i s and what kind of body is required for what


A Consideration of the Biological and Psychological Foundations of Autonomous Robotics
What it means to have a body is examined by outlining theories of the mechanisms of bodily integration in multicellular organisms and their means of solidarity with the environment by considering its biological and psychological basis with reference to some of the grand theorists of living systems.
Cognition's Coming Home: the Reunion of Life and Mind
It is shown how the concept of self-organization, arguably the central theoretical idea in A-Life, might be the keystone of a neo-Aristotelian biological cognitive science.
An Behavior-based Robotics
Following a discussion of the relevant biological and psychological models of behavior, the author covers the use of knowledge and learning in autonomous robots, behavior-based and hybrid robot architectures, modular perception, robot colonies, and future trends in robot intelligence.
Using robots to model animals: a cricket test
  • B. Webb
  • Psychology
    Robotics Auton. Syst.
  • 1995
Being There: Putting Brain, Body, and World Together Again
From the Publisher: The old opposition of matter versus mind stubbornly persists in the way we study mind and brain. In treating cognition as problem solving, Andy Clark suggests, we may often
Rethinking Grounding
The ‘grounding problem’ poses the question of how the function and internal mechanisms of a machine, natural or artificial, can be intrinsic to the machine itself, i.e. independent of an external
Cambrian Intelligence: The Early History of the New AI
This book represents Rodney A. Brooks' initial formulation of and contributions to the development of the behavior-based approach to robotics and presents all of the key philosophical and technical ideas that put this "bottom-up" approach at the forefront of current research in not only AI but all of cognitive science.
Minds, Brains, and Programs
  • J. Searle
  • Philosophy
    The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence
  • 1990
Only a machine could think, and only very special kinds of machines, namely brains and machines with internal causal powers equivalent to those of brains, and no program by itself is sufficient for thinking.
Understanding intelligence
Rolf Pfeifer and Christian Scheier provide a systematic introduction to this new way of thinking about intelligence and computers and derive a set of principles and a coherent framework for the study of naturally and artificially intelligent systems, or autonomous agents.