Lichenization: The Origins of a Fungal Life-Style

@inproceedings{Hawksworth2015LichenizationTO,
  title={Lichenization: The Origins of a Fungal Life-Style},
  author={D. Hawksworth},
  year={2015}
}
Following a discussion on the naming of lichens and a definition of “lichen”, hypotheses on the origins of lichenization and lichen-forming fungi are reviewed. It is emphasized that lichen associations strictly have no scientific name, while the partners in the symbiosis do. As fungi have a wide range of associations with algae and cyanobacteria, the definition of “lichen” must include the fungal partner enclosing the photosynthetic, and the photosynthetic partner not being incorporated into… Expand

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