Levels of serum immunomodulators and alterations with electroconvulsive therapy in treatment-resistant major depression


Studies in recent years have indicated that neuroimmunological events and immune activation may have a place in the etiology of depression. It has been suggested from data that there is a causal relationship between activation of the immune system and excessive release of proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin 1 (IL-1), IL-6, and tumor necrosis… (More)
DOI: 10.2147/NDT.S106652


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