Levels of causal understanding in chimpanzees and children.

@article{Premack1994LevelsOC,
  title={Levels of causal understanding in chimpanzees and children.},
  author={David Premack and A J Premack},
  journal={Cognition},
  year={1994},
  volume={50 1-3},
  pages={347-62}
}
We compare three levels of causal understanding in chimpanzees and children: (1) causal reasoning, (2) labelling the components (actor, object, and instrument) of a causal sequence, and (3) choosing the correct alternative for an incomplete representation of a causal sequence. We present two tests of causal reasoning, the first requiring chimpanzees to read and use as evidence the emotional state of a conspecific. Despite registering the emotion, they failed to use it as evidence. The second… CONTINUE READING
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